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For example, you might incorporate a Cockpit object, a LandingGear object, a Propeller object, etc. Then, (even though it wouldn't be good grammar), you could say than an object ofyour Airplane class "has a" Cockpit object, "has a" LandingGear object, etc. This is often referred to as a HASA relationship. For example, an airplane ISA airship andHASA cockpit.

Preview

The airship hierarchy

A little earlier I explained an airship hierarchy involving an Airship class, a Balloon class, and an Airplane class. I will present and explain a sample program that implements that hierarchy. The output from the program is shown in Figure 1 . I will refer back to Figure 1 in the paragraphs that follow.

Figure 1 . Output from the program named Airship01.

Balloon range = 5 milesaltitude = 500 feet passenger capacity = 5lift media = Hot Air Airplanerange = 5000 miles altitude = 35000 feetcargo capacity = 20000 pounds engine type = jet

Discussion and sample code

Will explain in fragments

I will explain this program in fragments. A complete listing of the program is provided in Listing 4 near the end of the module.

Four class definitions

This program consists of four class definitions:

  • Airship
  • Balloon
  • Airplane
  • Driver

The Airship class defines properties that are common to machines that fly:

  • Range
  • Altitude

The Balloon class extends the Airship class and defines properties that are peculiar to airships that are lighter than air:

  • Passenger capacity
  • Lift Media (hot air, helium, or hydrogen)

The Airplane class extends the Airship class and defines properties that are peculiar to airplanes:

  • Cargo capacity
  • Engine type

The Driver class instantiates objects of the Balloon class and the Airplane class and exercises their set and get methods.

The Airship class

Listing 1 shows the Airship class in its entirety.

Listing 1 . The Airship class.

//Define common properties in the base class. class Airship {private int rangeData = 0; private int altitudeData = 0;public int range { get {return rangeData; }//end getset { rangeData = value;}//end set }//end range propertypublic int altitude { get {return altitudeData; }//end getset { altitudeData = value;}//end set }//end altitude property}//end class Airship

There is nothing in Listing 1 that you haven't seen in earlier modules. This class provides set and get methods for two properties named range and altitude .

The Balloon class

Listing 2 shows the Balloon class in its entirety.

Listing 2 . The Balloon class.

//Define unique properties in the subclass. class Balloon : Airship {private int passengerCapacityData; private String liftMediaData;public int passengerCapacity { get {return passengerCapacityData; }//end getset { passengerCapacityData = value;}//end set }//end passengerCapacity propertypublic String liftMedia { get {return liftMediaData; }//end getset { liftMediaData = value;}//end set }//end liftMedia property}//end Balloon class

The new material

The only thing in Listing 2 that is new to this module is the colon that appears between the words Balloon and Airship on the second line. This is the C# way of specifying that the class named Balloon extends or inherits from the class named Airship . In this case, the Balloon class is the subclass or derived class and the Airship class is the superclass or base class, depending on which flavor of jargon you prefer.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Xna game studio. OpenStax CNX. Feb 28, 2014 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11634/1.6
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