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An orderly hierarchy

The C# inheritance mechanism allows you build an orderly hierarchy of classes to supplement the classes that are already in the class library.

When several of your abstract data types have characteristics in common, you can design their commonalities into a single superclass and separate theirunique characteristics into unique subclasses. This is one of the purposes of inheritance.

The airship hierarchy

For example, suppose you are building a program dealing with airships. All airships have altitude and range properties in common. Therefore, you couldbuild a base Airship class containing data and methods having to do with range and altitude.

From this superclass, you could derive a Balloon class and an Airplane class.

The Balloon class

The Balloon class might add properties and methods dealing with passenger capacity and what makes it go up (helium, hydrogen, or hot air) . Objects of the Balloon class would then be able to deal with altitude, range, passenger capacity, and what makes it go up.

The Airplane class

The Airplane class might add properties and methods dealing with engine type (jet or propeller) and cargo capacity. Objects of the Airplane class could then deal with altitude, range, engine type, and cargo capacity.

Three types of objects

Having created this hierarchy of classes, you could instantiate objects of type Airship , Balloon , and Airplane with the objects of each type having properties and methods to deal with those specialcharacteristics of the flying machine indicated by the name of the class.

From the general to the specialized

You may have noticed that in this hierarchical class structure, inheritance causes the structure to grow in a direction from most general to morespecialized. This is typical.

Single and multiple inheritance

C++ and some other object-oriented programming languages allow for multiple inheritance. This means that a new class can extend more than one superclass.This has advantages in some cases, but can lead to difficulties in other cases.

C# does not support multiple inheritance. Instead it supports a different mechanism called an interface that provides most of the benefits ofmultiple inheritance without most of the problems. I will explain the C# interface in a future module.

The ISA relationship

You will sometimes hear people speak of the ISA relationship when discussing OOP (such as in he is a hero) . The source of this terminology is more fundamental than you may at first suspect.

Object-oriented designers often strive to use inheritance to model relationships where a subclass "is a kind of" the superclass. For example, a car "is a kind of" vehicle. A programmer "is a kind of" employee which in turn "is a kind of" person. An airplane "is a kind of" airship and so is a hot-air balloon.

This relationship is called the ISA relationship. It's that simple.

The HASA relationship

If you were to define a class that more fully represents an airplane, you might choose to break certain parts of the airplane out into separate objectsand to incorporate them by reference into your Airplane class.

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Xna game studio. OpenStax CNX. Feb 28, 2014 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11634/1.6
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