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Grade 5

Processing materials

Module 12

Discovering textile fabrics

Background information

People have worn clothes as protection from the elements (heat and cold) since the earliest times of the Stone Age (12 000 B.C.). Stone Age people used animal pelts and parts of plants to make clothes, which means that they used things that occurred naturally in their environment. Animal pelts were joined together with sinews and needles made from bone to make simple garments. Seeds, feathers and husks were used as simple decorations.

Assignment 1

Here you have a sketch of Shaka, the Zulu king who lived in 1825. Consult a reliable source to get the information you need and describe the traditional garments of a Zulu warrior and the material that was used to make each part of his outfit.

[LO 3.1]

Assignment 2

Would you wear a coat made from the pelt of a jaguar nowadays? Provide reasons for your answer.

[LO 3.2]

Background information

The people of Ancient Egyptian started to weave textiles during the Bronze Age (3 000 B.C.). Textile fabrics can be woven from fibres obtained from animals (silk and wool) or plants (cotton and linen) and are used to make coverings and decorations like clothes, mats, blankets, curtains, etc. The development of technology made it possible to use many other fibres and materials to make textiles, so that we nowadays make textiles from textile fibres found in nature (from plants and animals) or from materials made by people (from wood, oil and coal). We therefore have natural and manmade (synthetic) textile fabrics. The first textile fabrics made of plastics (rayon, polyester, nylon, viscose) were produced in England, round about 1850. The manmade synthetic yarns are manufactured in factories, from oil or coal. Chemicals are extracted from these minerals and are made into plastic fibres.

Assignment 3

Sort each of the following objects into natural or manmade: a plastic bag, a fur coat, a wooden bowl, a glass bottle, a polystyrene container, a wooden table.


[l [lo 3.1]

Background information

The advantages of plastics are:

  • It is cheaper to manufacture.
  • It can be processes into many different forms.
  • It can be dyed easily.
  • It is very durable.
  • It lasts very long.

Disadvantages of plastics:

  • It cannot be recycled readily.

Natural fabrics

Natural fabrics can be of animal, plant or mineral origin. Examples of animals that provide fibres for fabrics are sheep, goats, rabbits, camels, silkworms, llamas and horses. Plant fibres are obtained from the bark, leaves, seeds and fruit of particular plants, like cotton, sisal and flax, and coconut fibre from coconuts.

Wool is obtained from sheep by shearing the sheep annually. A sheep provides about four kilograms of wool per year. There are different breeds of sheep and they provide different types of wool. The wool from merino sheep is regarded as the finest and as the best as far as quality is concerned. Merinos are bred mainly in Australia and South Africa because they do very well where the climate is warm and dry. Australia is one of the top wool producing countries in the world.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10979/1.2
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