




Lens questions
 Assess the
manifest complexity of the technology in question. For example, what is the manifest complexity of windmills? (Do they present tightly coupled systems that lead to unpredictable breakdowns?) Which is more manifestly complex, nuclear reactors or windmill turbines?
 Assess the
concealed complexity . For example, do the operating procedures of windmills conceal complexity? Do nuclear reactors conceal complexity in the complicated regulation process that has developed between manufacturers and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission? (Maybe, complexity is concealed in the divergence between formal and informal regulatory procedures, the latter having evolved as the NRC has been "captured" by reactor manufacturers.) See Ford

Technological Imperative : Does the technology redefine or displace basic human needs or basic values? Does it require that we adopt ourselves to it?

Reverse Adaptation : Does the technology require reverse adaptation? If yes, are there any viable "work around" strategies that could be implemented to align better the technology's needs with our own.
What you are going to do
Exercise one: construct a sociotechnical system grid
 Choose a test case from above. (The alternatives include Cogentrix, Copper Mining, Windmills, and Laptops.)
 Read the module, SocioTechnical Systems in Professional DecisionMaking, and modify the STS table for Puerto Rico to fit the test case you are using.
 Identify the values embedded in the technology of your test case and the STS you have modeled.
 Identify any possible value mismatches between the technology to be introduced and the underlying STS.
Exercise two
 Select two of the lenses outlined above.
 Examine your test case under the first lens by answering the questions. Give a global assessment of whether your test case technology is acceptable under the lens.
 Examine your test case under the second lens by answering the questions. Give a global assessment of whether your test case technology is acceptable under this second lens.
 Compare the results of the two lenses. Discuss areas of divergence between the two lenses. Discuss the areas of convergence.
Prepatory questions and module worksheet
Technology choice preparatory questions
Technology choice worksheet
Sts presentation for technological choice
Table displaying components of stss
Presentation on capabilities approach
The legal environment: civil and criminal responsibility
Technology choice jeopardies
Technological choice cases jeopardy
Socio technical systems jeopardy
Jeopardy and responsibility
Conclusion
Evaluate the lenses
 Which of the three lenses presented in this module would you eliminate?
 Which lens did you find most helpful? Why?
 Would you recommend a new lens? What is it?
Muddy point
 What was the most obscure or muddiest point? (What didn’t make sense to you? What did you find objectionable?)
 What was the strongest point of this module? What did you learn? Will you be able to put it to use?
Reference
 Feenberg, Andrew. (2002).
Transforming Technology: A Critical Theory Revisited . Oxford, UL: Oxford University Press.
 Feenberg, Andrew. (1999).
Questioning Technology . London: Routledge.
 Ford, D. (1981). A Reporter At Large: Three Mile Island. In
The New Yorker , April 6, 1981: 49106.
 Heilbroner, R.L. (2009). Do Machines Make History? In
Technology and Society: Building Our Sociotechnical Future , Johnson, D.G. and Wetmore, J.M., (Eds.). Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press: 97106.
 Hickman, L. (1990).
John Dewey’s Pragmatic Technology . Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press: 140153.
 Hickman, L. (2001)
Philosophical Tools for Technological Culture: Putting Pragmatism to Work . Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Your first item here
 Huff, C. and Finholt, T. (1994).
Social Issues In Computing: Putting Computing in its Place . New York: McGrawHill.
 Kuhn, T. (1970).
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd Edition . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
 Mason, J. (1979). The accident that shouldn't have happened: An analysis of Three Mile Island. In
IEEE Spectrum , November 1979: 3342.
 Perrow, C. (1984).
Normal Accidents: Living With HighRisk Technologies . Basic Books.
 Pinch, T.J. and Bijker, W. (2009). The Social Construction of Facts and Artifacts. In
Technology and Society: Building Our Sociotechnical Future , Johnson, D.G. and Wetmore, J.M., (Eds.). Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press: 107139.
 Reason, J. (1990).
Human Error . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
 Sismondo, S. (2004).
An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies . Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing: 5152.
 Trent, March. (1992). The AES Corporation: Management Institute for Environment and Business. In
Ethical Issues in Business: A Philosophical Approach, 5th Edition . Donaldson, T. and Werhane, P. (Eds.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall: 424440.
 White, Leslie. (1949).
The Science of Culture . New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 366.
 Winner, L. (2009). Do Artifacts Have Politics? In
Technology and Society: Building Our Sociotechnical Future , Johnson, D.G. and Wetmore, J.M., (Eds.). Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press: 209226.
 Winner, L. (1978).
Autonomous Technology: TechnicsoutofControl as a Theme in Political Thought . Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press paperback edition.
Appendix
Practical lenses for sociotechnical systems
Questions & Answers
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X6)^2
so it's 20 divided by X6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
if A not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = A
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
No. 7x 4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) 7y
J, combine like terms 7x4y
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)1/7 (x1)=
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials and their applications of sensors.
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field .
1Electronicsmanufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc
2Helth and MedicalNanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc
3 Atomobile MEMS, Coating on car etc.
and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change .
maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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