



Pitfalls of the harm/beneficence test
 “Paralysis of Analysis" comes from considering too many consequences and not focusing only on those relevant to your decision.
 Incomplete
Analysis results from considering too few consequences. Often it indicates a failure of moral imagination which, in this case, is the ability to envision the consequences of each action alternative.
 Failure to compare different alternatives can lead to a decision that is too limited and onesided.
 Failure to weigh harms against benefits occurs when decision makers lack the experience to make the qualitative comparisons required in ethical decision making.
 Finally, justice failures result from
ignoring the fairness of the distribution of harms andbenefits. This leads to a solution which may maximize benefits and minimize harms but still give rise to serious injustices in the distribution of these benefits and harms.
Reversibility test
 Set up the test by (i) identifying the
agent, (ii) describing the action, and (iii) identifying thestakeholders and their stakes.
 Use the stakeholder analysis to identify
the relations to be reversed.
 Reverse roles between the agent (you) and
each stakeholder: put them in your place (as the agent) andyourself in their place (as the one subjected to the
action).
 If you were in their place, would you still
find the action acceptable?
Cross checks for reversibility test (these questions help you to check if you have carried out the reversibility test properly.)
 Does the proposed action treat others with
respect? (Does it recognize their autonomy or circumventit?)
 Does the action violate the rights of others?
(Examples of rights: free and informed consent, privacy, freedom ofconscience, due process, property, freedom of expression)
 Would you recommend that this action become a
universal rule?
 Are you, through your action, treating others merely as means?
Pitfalls of the reversibility test
 Leaving out a key stakeholder relation
 Failing to recognize and address conflicts between stakeholders
and their conflicting stakes
 Confusing treating others with
respect with capitulating to their demands (“Reversing withHitler”)
 Failing to reach closure, i.e., an overall, global
reversal assessment that takes into account all the stakeholdersthe agent has reversed with.
Steps in applying the public identification test
 Set up the analysis by identifying the agent, describing the action, and listing the key values or virtues at play in the situation.
 Association the action with the agent.
 Describe what the action says about the agent as a person. Does it reveal him or her as someone associated with a virtue or a vice?
Alternative version of public identification
 Does the action under consideration realize justice or does it pose an excess or defect of justice?
 Does the action realize responsibility or pose an excess or defect of responsibility?
 Does the action realize reasonableness or pose too much or too little reasonableness?
 Does the action realize honesty or pose too much or too little honesty?
 Does the action realize integrity or pose too much or too little integrity?
Questions & Answers
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X6)^2
so it's 20 divided by X6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
if A not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = A
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
No. 7x 4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) 7y
J, combine like terms 7x4y
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)1/7 (x1)=
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials and their applications of sensors.
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field .
1Electronicsmanufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc
2Helth and MedicalNanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc
3 Atomobile MEMS, Coating on car etc.
and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change .
maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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OpenStax, Pdf generation test course. OpenStax CNX. Dec 16, 2009 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10278/1.5
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