<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
This document introduces simple CNXML tags that are easy to use in Edit-in-Place.
This module also contains information derived from The Advanced CNXML by Ricardo Radaelli-Sanchez .

Starting with cnxml

To create the bare bones of content in Connexions, the author interface provides a variety of creation tools: the Document Importer, Edit-In-Place, and even a full-source editor. However, a basic knowledge of our markup language can help make small edits into tremendous enhancements to your material!

Connexions uses the Connexions Markup Language ( CNXML ) as its primary language for marking up and storing documents. CNXML is lightweight XML for marking up educational content. Unlike the well-known HTML, the goal of CNXML is to conveythe content of the material and not a particular presentation. For example, say you have the following sentence: I like cupcakes very much. However, you feel that you enthusiasm for cupcakes has not been fully expressed. In HTML, you would use bold, underline, italic, etc.; in CNXML, you would use the emphasis tag .

Inline tags

Inline tags, such as emphasis, are used to embed content and functionality inside the structural tags, such as paragraphs. Some of the more commonly used tags are discussed below.


As mentioned previously , the emphasis tag is used to accent certain text. Note that this refers to semantic emphasis and not a typeface. Different stylesheets can render emphasis with different typefaces.

<para id='intro'>Gardenias are my absolute<emphasis>favorite</emphasis>flower. Their petals are soft, and their bloom has anabsolutely<emphasis>heavenly</emphasis>scent.</para>

The above markup will display as:

Gardenias are my absolute favorite flower. Their petals are soft, and their bloom has an absolutely heavenly scent.


The term tag is used to mark words or phrases which are being defined. However, itsuse is confined to either a para or definition tag. The term tag has one optional attribute : URL - a URL specifying the source or definition of theterm.

<para id='gardenia'><term url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gardenia">Gardenias</term>can be tricky to maintain. The soil around the roots of a<term>gardenia</term>must remain moist always, but too much water can damage the plant. Also,<term>gardenias</term>enjoy the sun, but if the<emphasis>foliage</emphasis>gets wet to bring the gardenia into the shade.</para>

The above markup will display as:

Gardenias can be tricky to maintain. The soil around the roots of a gardenia must remain moist always, but too much water can damage the plant. Also, gardenias enjoy the sun, but if the foliage gets wet to bring the gardenia into the shade.


The note tag creates an "out of line" note to the reader. The type of note is specified by an optional type attribute. If a type is not specified, the default is Note . The type attribute can contain any of the following values:

  • note
  • aside
  • warning
  • tip
  • important

<para id='pollen'>Receiving flowers is, on the whole, a wonderful thing. However, sometimes pollen from the flowers can causeproblems. In particular, the clean up of a bit of pollen can be tricky.<note type="Important">Do not use water when cleaning up pollen! This can lead tocounter-top and clothing stains!</note>Your best bet is to use a dry method of cleaning with a paper-towel.</para>

The above markup will display as:

Receiving flowers is, on the whole, a wonderful thing. However, sometimes pollen from the flowers can cause problems. In particular, the clean up of a bit of pollen can be tricky.

Do not use water when cleaning up pollen! This can lead to counter-top and clothing stains!
Your best bet is to use a dry method of cleaning, with a paper-towel, for example.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, 2008-'09 open education cup: high performance computing. OpenStax CNX. Oct 28, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10594/1.3
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the '2008-'09 open education cup: high performance computing' conversation and receive update notifications?