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English first additional language

Grade 8

Entrepreneurship: wheels can give you wings!

Module 8

More about words

Activity 1:

Something about words

[lo 3.8.1, 6.9]

Using A Dictionary

A dictionary lists words in alphabetical order so that it is easy to find a word. It explains the meaning and origin of a word and shows all the different meanings that a word might have. Some dictionaries give the equivalent of a word in another language.

What are guidewords ?

  • These words appear at the top of the page.
  • The word in the top left-hand corner of the left-hand page, and the word in the top right-hand corner of the right-hand page show the first and last words on the doublespread.

Look at the following abbreviations :

  • adj. adjective n. noun pl. plural
  • adv. adverb v. verb sl. slang

Study the column on the left. This is what a page from a dictionary looks like. Use this to find the answers to the questions on the right.

bang n.,&v. – n. 1 a loud noise 2 an explosion 3 the report of a gun 4 a fringe of hair cut straight across the forehead. – v. 1 to shut noisily 2 to cause a sound like an explosion. banger n. 1 Brit. sl. a sausage bangle n. ornamental band worn round the arm or ankle. banish v. to expel a person esp. from a country. banjo n. (pl. – os or –oes) a stringed musical instrument bank 1 n. 1 the edge of land by a river 2 a mass of clouds bank 2 n.,&v. –n a financial business where money is deposited or withdrawn. -v. to rely on. 1 . What is the British slang word for a sausage? 2 . How many meanings does this list give for the noun “bang”? 3 . What word can be used for “the side of a river” as well as a place where “money is deposited and withdrawn”? 4 . What would you do with a bangle? 5 . If you needed to make music, what would you buy?

Activity 1:

More about words

[lo 3.8.2, 6.9]


dough confectionery splendid route
mental disillusioned physical sculptor
scenery immediately continent pedalled
ruffian indigenous gruelling remnants
bankrupt excitement adversaries remnants

Arrange the twenty words in the word-box above in alphabetical order. The educator will time you!

From the word-box on the previous page choose the correct word to complete each of the following sentences. The first letter of each missing word has been given. (Note that the word in italics explains the meaning.)

1. Your enemies are you’re a_______________

2. Your m______________ powers are the powers of your mind.

3. The protea is an i.____________ flowering shrub which grows naturally in South Africa.

4. People who feel d___________must try not to continue to feel disappointed ; they must handle their disappointment in a positive way.

5. A baker prepares d______________ by making a mixture of flour and water .

6. It is important to keep your body in good shape by getting enough p.________ exercise.

7. You will need a road map to plan your r_________ from Johannesburg to CapeTown.

8. The school bully was a r____________ who was the leader of a bunch of hooligans .

9. As we cycled through the countryside , we admired the s___________________

10. It was a g________________ track. Only those who were tough could complete the race.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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