# 6.3 Solve sales tax, commission, and discount applications

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By the end of this section, you will be able to:
• Solve sales tax applications
• Solve commission applications
• Solve discount applications
• Solve mark-up applications

Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.

1. Solve $0.0875\left(720\right)$ through multiplication.
If you missed this problem, review Decimal Operations .
2. Solve $12.96÷0.04$ through division.
If you missed this problem, review Decimal Operations .

## Solve sales tax applications

Sales tax and commissions are applications of percent in our everyday lives. To solve these applications, we will follow the same strategy we used in the section on decimal operations. We show it again here for easy reference.

Solve an application
1. Identify what you are asked to find and choose a variable to represent it.
2. Write a sentence that gives the information to find it.
3. Translate the sentence into an equation.
4. Solve the equation using good algebra techniques.
5. Check the answer in the problem and make sure it makes sense.
6. Write a complete sentence that answers the question.

Remember that whatever the application, once we write the sentence with the given information (Step 2), we can translate it to a percent equation and then solve it.

Do you pay a tax when you shop in your city or state? In many parts of the United States, sales tax    is added to the purchase price of an item. See [link] . The sales tax is determined by computing a percent of the purchase price.

To find the sales tax multiply the purchase price by the sales tax rate. Remember to convert the sales tax rate from a percent to a decimal number. Once the sales tax is calculated, it is added to the purchase price. The result is the total cost—this is what the customer pays.

## Sales tax

The sales tax    is a percent of the purchase price.

$\begin{array}{ccc}\hfill \text{Sales Tax}& =& \text{Tax Rate}·\text{Purchase Price}\hfill \\ \hfill \text{Total Cost}& =& \text{Purchase Price}+\text{Sales Tax}\hfill \end{array}$

Cathy bought a bicycle in Washington, where the sales tax rate was $\text{6.5%}$ of the purchase price. What was

1. the sales tax and
2. the total cost of a bicycle if the purchase price of the bicycle was $\text{392}?$

## Solution

 ⓐ Identify what you are asked to find. Let $n=$ number. What is the sales tax? Choose a variable to represent it. Let $t=$ sales tax. Write a sentence that gives the information to find it. The sales tax is 6.5% of the purchase price. Translate into an equation. (Remember to change the percent to a decimal). Simplify. Check: Is this answer reasonable? Yes, because the sales tax amount is less than 10% of the purchase price. Write a complete sentence that answers the question. The sales tax is $25.48.  ⓑ Identify what you are asked to find. Let $n=$ number. What is the total cost of the bicycle? Choose a variable to represent it. Let $c=$ total cost of bicycle. Write a sentence that gives the information to find it. The total cost is the purchase price plus the sales tax. Translate into an equation. Simplify. Check: Is this answer reasonable? Yes, because the total cost is a little more than the purchase price. Write a complete sentence that answers the question. The sales tax is$26.46 and the total cost is the price plus the sales tax or $392 +$25.48 = $417.48. #### Questions & Answers do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment? Damian Reply absolutely yes Daniel how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now Akash Reply it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well Maciej characteristics of micro business Abigail Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners? s. Reply what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls Devang Reply are you nano engineer ? s. fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball. Tarell what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays? 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