<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
This is a conversion of a presentation given at the Negotiating the Ideal Faculty Position Workshop given on October 14-16, 2007. This presentation was originally created and presented by Gilda Barabino, The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at GaTech and Emory.


As defined in the African-American community:

  • Black women’s relationships with each other shaped by shared experiences and beliefs and mutual support

“the double bind: the price of being a minority woman in science” aaas report no. 76-r-3, 1976

“Minority women represent a disturbingly small part of the total scientific manpower pool, but are a significant component whose needs seem not to have been addressed by existing programs for minorities or women. They have traditionally been excluded because of biases related to both their race or ethnicity and gender, constituting a double bind. Programs for minorities and women have generally been assumed to include minority women, but in fact minority women fall in the cracks between the two. The programs developed for minorities in science have mostly been dominated by male scientists. Similarly, the women’s science organizations are overwhelmingly white, and the minority science organizations, overwhelmingly male.”

What’s race got to do with it?


or at least a very disproportionate amount

Black women in the academy


  • 1861 Civil War begins - little formal education prior
  • 1873 Bennett College for women established
  • 1881 Spelman College for women established
  • 1896 Plessy vs Ferguson - separate but equal legalized
  • 1920’s First black women earn doctorates (none in S +E)
  • 1954 Brown vs Board of Education - separate but equal ruled unconstitutional
  • 1960’s First doctorates in S+E


  • Represent 2.1% of full time tenured and tenure-track faculty (1990’s data)
  • Concentrated in humanities, arts and social work professions at the lowest ranks and less prestigious schools
  • Experience extraordinary time demands linked to small numbers

Engineering faculty (i)

Engineering faculty (ii)

Engineering faculty (iii)

Black women in the academy

  • Experience the academy differently from black men, majority men and majority women
  • Are least likely to have professional mentors
  • Are least likely to be included in collaborative efforts
  • Are least likely to be tenured and promoted
  • Are least likely to be at the rank of Full Professor
  • Are most likely to carry the heaviest service burdens
  • Shared Experiences:
    • Double bind, gender and race
    • Double consciousness, academic and ethnic communities
    • Multiple marginality
    • Unaccommodating culture, stereotypes, racialized sexism
    • Increased barriers to professional socialization and advancement
    • Hypervisibility/invisibility/superisolation
    • Community responsibility
    • Spirit of survival

My experience in the academy

  • 1978, BS Chemistry, Xavier University of LA
  • 1981, first African American admitted to ChE graduate program at Rice
  • 1986, PhD Chemical Eng, Rice University
  • 1989, first African American female ChE faculty member at Northeastern
  • 2007, first African American female BME faculty member at GaTech

Musings on my experience

Strategies for success:

  • Self-definition, self-valuation, self-efficacy, self-reliance, self-empowerment, selflessness
  • Shared responsibility and leadership to promote accountability
  • Community building (mentoring, networking)

“The focus on building community necessarily challenges a culture of domination that privileges individual well-being over collective effort.”

--bell hooks

Sisters helping sisters negotiate the academy

  • Breaking silence - open dialogue
  • Establishing support systems - mentoring and networking, sharing resources
  • Creating a culture of inclusion
  • Promoting true sisterhood across racial, ethnic, class, disciplinary and other lines

“As women, we have been taught either to ignore our differences or to view them as causes for separation and suspicion rather than as forces for change.”

--Audre Lorde

  • “She who learns must also teach”
    • --African Proverb
  • “Lifting as we climb”
    • --Motto of The National Association of Colored Women


As it should be defined by the academic community:

  • women’s relationships with each other shaped by shared experiences and beliefs and mutual support regardless of race, ethnicity, class, sexual orientation, ableness or culture

Thank you, sisters!

Compiled and Presented By:

Gilda Barabino

The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at GaTech and Emory

Links to additional presentations from the Negotiating the Ideal Faculty Position Seminar: An African-American Physicist - Nearly 30 years of experiences, strategies, and personal accounts ; How to Choose and Keep a Mentor

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, 2007 nsf advance workshop: negotiating the ideal faculty position. OpenStax CNX. Feb 01, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10637/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the '2007 nsf advance workshop: negotiating the ideal faculty position' conversation and receive update notifications?