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Find the quotient: 7 27 ÷ ( 35 36 ) .

4 15

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Find the quotient: 5 14 ÷ ( 15 28 ) .

2 3

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There are several ways to remember which steps to take to multiply or divide fractions. One way is to repeat the call outs to yourself. If you do this each time you do an exercise, you will have the steps memorized.

  • “To multiply fractions, multiply the numerators and multiply the denominators.”
  • “To divide fractions, multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second.”

Another way is to keep two examples in mind:

This is an image with two columns. The first column reads “One fourth of two pizzas is one half of a pizza. Below this are two pizzas side-by-side with a line down the center of each one representing one half. The halves are labeled “one half”. Under this is the equation “2 times 1 fourth”. Under this is another equation “two over 1 times 1 fourth.” Under this is the fraction two fourths and under this is the fraction one half. The next column reads “there are eight quarters in two dollars.” Under this are eight quarters in two rows of four. Under this is the fraction equation 2 divided by one fourth. Under this is the equation “two over one divided by one fourth.” Under this is two over one times four over one. Under this is the answer “8”.

The numerators or denominators of some fractions contain fractions themselves. A fraction in which the numerator or the denominator is a fraction is called a complex fraction .

Complex fraction

A complex fraction    is a fraction in which the numerator or the denominator contains a fraction.

Some examples of complex fractions are:

6 7 3 3 4 5 8 x 2 5 6

To simplify a complex fraction, we remember that the fraction bar means division . For example, the complex fraction 3 4 5 8 means 3 4 ÷ 5 8 .

Simplify: 3 4 5 8 .

Solution

3 4 5 8
Rewrite as division. 3 4 ÷ 5 8
Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second. 3 4 8 5
Multiply. 3 8 4 5
Look for common factors. .
Divide out common factors and simplify. 6 5
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Simplify: 3 7 6 11 .

11 14

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Simplify: x 2 x y 6 .

Solution

x 2 x y 6
Rewrite as division. x 2 ÷ x y 6
Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second. x 2 6 x y
Multiply. x 6 2 x y
Look for common factors. .
Divide out common factors and simplify. 3 y
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Simplify: a 8 a b 6 .

3 4 b

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Simplify: p 2 p q 8 .

4 2 q

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Simplify expressions with a fraction bar

The line that separates the numerator from the denominator in a fraction is called a fraction bar. A fraction bar acts as grouping symbol. The order of operations then tells us to simplify the numerator and then the denominator. Then we divide.

To simplify the expression 5 3 7 + 1 , we first simplify the numerator and the denominator separately. Then we divide.

5 3 7 + 1
2 8
1 4

Simplify an expression with a fraction bar.

  1. Simplify the expression in the numerator. Simplify the expression in the denominator.
  2. Simplify the fraction.

Simplify: 4 2 ( 3 ) 2 2 + 2 .

Solution

4 2 ( 3 ) 2 2 + 2 Use the order of operations to simplify the numerator and the denominator. 4 6 4 + 2 Simplify the numerator and the denominator. −2 6 Simplify. A negative divided by a positive is negative. 1 3

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Simplify: 6 3 ( 5 ) 3 2 + 3 .

3 4

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Simplify: 4 4 ( 6 ) 3 2 + 3 .

2 3

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Where does the negative sign go in a fraction? Usually the negative sign is in front of the fraction, but you will sometimes see a fraction with a negative numerator, or sometimes with a negative denominator. Remember that fractions represent division. When the numerator and denominator have different signs, the quotient is negative.

−1 3 = 1 3 negative positive = negative 1 −3 = 1 3 positive negative = negative

Placement of negative sign in a fraction

For any positive numbers a and b ,

a b = a b = a b

Simplify: 4 ( −3 ) + 6 ( −2 ) −3 ( 2 ) 2 .

Solution

The fraction bar acts like a grouping symbol. So completely simplify the numerator and the denominator separately.

4 ( −3 ) + 6 ( −2 ) −3 ( 2 ) 2 Multiply. −12 + ( −12 ) −6 2 Simplify. −24 −8 Divide. 3

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Simplify: 8 ( −2 ) + 4 ( −3 ) −5 ( 2 ) + 3 .

4

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Simplify: 7 ( −1 ) + 9 ( −3 ) −5 ( 3 ) 2 .

2

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Translate phrases to expressions with fractions

Now that we have done some work with fractions, we are ready to translate phrases that would result in expressions with fractions.

Questions & Answers

-65r to the 4th power-50r cubed-15r squared+8r+23 ÷ 5r
WENDY Reply
write in this form a/b answer should be in the simplest form 5%
August Reply
convert to decimal 9/11
August
Equation in the form of a pending point y+2=1/6(×-4)
Jose Reply
write in simplest form 3 4/2
August
definition of quadratic formula
Ahmed Reply
From Google: The quadratic formula, , is used in algebra to solve quadratic equations (polynomial equations of the second degree). The general form of a quadratic equation is , where x represents a variable, and a, b, and c are constants, with . A quadratic equation has two solutions, called roots.
Melissa
what is the answer of w-2.6=7.55
What Reply
10.15
Michael
w = 10.15 You add 2.6 to both sides and then solve for w (-2.6 zeros out on the left and leaves you with w= 7.55 + 2.6)
Korin
Nataly is considering two job offers. The first job would pay her $83,000 per year. The second would pay her $66,500 plus 15% of her total sales. What would her total sales need to be for her salary on the second offer be higher than the first?
Mckenzie Reply
x > $110,000
bruce
greater than $110,000
Michael
Estelle is making 30 pounds of fruit salad from strawberries and blueberries. Strawberries cost $1.80 per pound, and blueberries cost $4.50 per pound. If Estelle wants the fruit salad to cost her $2.52 per pound, how many pounds of each berry should she use?
nawal Reply
$1.38 worth of strawberries + $1.14 worth of blueberries which= $2.52
Leitha
how
Zaione
is it right😊
Leitha
lol maybe
Robinson
8 pound of blueberries and 22 pounds of strawberries
Melissa
8 pounds x 4.5 = 36 22 pounds x 1.80 = 39.60 36 + 39.60 = 75.60 75.60 / 30 = average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
8 pounds x 4.5 equal 36 22 pounds x 1.80 equal 39.60 36 + 39.60 equal 75.60 75.60 / 30 equal average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
hmmmm...... ?
Robinson
8 pounds x 4.5 = 36 22 pounds x 1.80 = 39.60 36 + 39.60 = 75.60 75.60 / 30 = average 2.52 per pound
Melissa
The question asks how many pounds of each in order for her to have an average cost of $2.52. She needs 30 lb in all so 30 pounds times $2.52 equals $75.60. that's how much money she is spending on the fruit. That means she would need 8 pounds of blueberries and 22 lbs of strawberries to equal 75.60
Melissa
good
Robinson
👍
Leitha
thanks Melissa.
Leitha
nawal let's do another😊
Leitha
we can't use emojis...I see now
Leitha
Sorry for the multi post. My phone glitches.
Melissa
Vina has $4.70 in quarters, dimes and nickels in her purse. She has eight more dimes than quarters and six more nickels than quarters. How many of each coin does she have?
Mckenzie Reply
10 quarters 16 dimes 12 nickels
Leitha
A private jet can fly 1,210 miles against a 25 mph headwind in the same amount of time it can fly 1,694 miles with a 25 mph tailwind. Find the speed of the jet.
Crispy Reply
wtf. is a tail wind or headwind?
Robert
48 miles per hour with headwind and 68 miles per hour with tailwind
Leitha
average speed is 58 mph
Leitha
Into the wind (headwind), 125 mph; with wind (tailwind), 175 mph. Use time (t) = distance (d) ÷ rate (r). since t is equal both problems, then 1210/(x-25) = 1694/(×+25). solve for x gives x=150.
bruce
the jet will fly 9.68 hours to cover either distance
bruce
Riley is planning to plant a lawn in his yard. He will need 9 pounds of grass seed. He wants to mix Bermuda seed that costs $4.80 per pound with Fescue seed that costs $3.50 per pound. How much of each seed should he buy so that the overall cost will be $4.02 per pound?
Vonna Reply
33.336
Robinson
Amber wants to put tiles on the backsplash of her kitchen counters. She will need 36 square feet of tiles. She will use basic tiles that cost $8 per square foot and decorator tiles that cost $20 per square foot. How many square feet of each tile should she use so that the overall cost of the backsplash will be $10 per square foot?
Imaan Reply
Ivan has $8.75 in nickels and quarters in his desk drawer. The number of nickels is twice the number of quarters. How many coins of each type does he have?
mikayla Reply
2q=n ((2q).05) + ((q).25) = 8.75 .1q + .25q = 8.75 .35q = 8.75 q = 25 quarters 2(q) 2 (25) = 50 nickles Answer check 25 x .25 = 6.25 50 x .05 = 2.50 6.25 + 2.50 = 8.75
Melissa
John has $175 in $5 and $10 bills in his drawer. The number of $5 bills is three times the number of $10 bills. How many of each are in the drawer?
mikayla Reply
7-$10 21-$5
Robert
Enrique borrowed $23,500 to buy a car. He pays his uncle 2% interest on the $4,500 he borrowed from him, and he pays the bank 11.5% interest on the rest. What average interest rate does he pay on the total $23,500? (Round your answer to the nearest tenth of a percent.)
Parker Reply
Two sisters like to compete on their bike rides. Tamara can go 4 mph faster than her sister, Samantha. If it takes Samantha 1 hour longer than Tamara to go 80 miles, how fast can Samantha ride her bike?
Markeice Reply
8mph
michele
16mph
Robert
3.8 mph
Ped
16 goes into 80 5times while 20 goes into 80 4times and is 4mph faster
Robert
Practice Key Terms 7

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Source:  OpenStax, Elementary algebra. OpenStax CNX. Jan 18, 2017 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12116/1.2
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