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Two very similar plotting programs are shown in the listings near the end of the module. The program named Graph01 , shown in Listing 39 , can be used to plot as many as five separate functions, each in its own plottingarea. Examples of the display produce by this program are shown in Figure 1 , Figure 2 , Figure 3 , and Figure 4 . I will briefly discuss this program in the paragraphs that follow.

The program named Graph02 , shown in Listing 40 , can also be used to plot as many as five separate functions. In this case, however, thegraphs produced by the functions are superimposed in the same plotting area. This is simply an alternative display format. I won't discuss any of theparticulars of this program, but if you understand the program named Graph01 , you will have no difficulty understanding this program named Graph02 as well.

The program named Graph01

This program is designed to instantiate an object of a class file that implements the interface named GraphIntfc01 , and to plot the data provided by up to five functions defined in that class file.

The methods in the class corresponding to the functions to be plotted are named f1 , f2 , f3 , f4 , and f5 .

As you learned in the earlier discussion, the class containing the functions must also define a static method named getNmbr . This method takes no parameters and returns the number of functions to be plotted. If this method returns avalue greater than 5, a NoSuchMethodException will be thrown.

Some general comments

Separate plotting areas

The overall plotting surface is divided into the required number of equally sized plotting areas. One function is plotted on Cartesian coordinates in eachplotting area.

A noarg constructor is required

The constructor for the class that implements GraphIntfc01 must not require any parameters. This is because the newInstance method of the Class class is used to instantiate an object, based on a String provided as a command-line argument. The newInstance method can only create objects using a noarg constructor.

Some methods may not be called

If the getNmbr method returns a value less than 5, then the methods that will not be called begin with f5 and work down toward f1 . For example, if the value returned by getNmbr is 3, then the program will call the methods named f1 , f2 , and f3 . While the methods named f4 and f5 must exist in order to satisfy the interface, they won't be called. Therefore, it doesn't matter what those methodsreturn as long as it is type double.

The visual appearance

As shown in Figure 1 , the plotting areas have alternating white and gray backgrounds to make them easy to separate visually.

All curves are plotted in black. A Cartesian coordinate system with axes, tic marks, and labels is drawn in red in each plotting area.

The Cartesian coordinate system in each plotting area has the same horizontal and vertical scale, as well as the same tic marks and labels on the axes.

The labels displayed on the axes, correspond to the values of the extreme edges of the plotting area.

A test class

The program also compiles a test class named junk , which contains the five required methods plus the method named getNmbr . This makes it easy to compile and test the program in a stand-alone mode.

Questions & Answers

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s. Reply
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Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
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Porter
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Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
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how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
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not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
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Hello
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I'm interested in Nanotube
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this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
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Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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Source:  OpenStax, Digital signal processing - dsp. OpenStax CNX. Jan 06, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11642/1.38
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