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In both of these techniques, the sensors do not touch the body. MCG can be used in fetal studies, and is probably more sensitive than echocardiography. MCG also looks at the heart’s electrical activity whose voltage output is too small to be recorded by surface electrodes as in EKG. It has the potential of being a rapid scan for early diagnosis of cardiac ischemia (obstruction of blood flow to the heart) or problems with the fetus.

MEG can be used to identify abnormal electrical discharges in the brain that produce weak magnetic signals. Therefore, it looks at brain activity, not just brain structure. It has been used for studies of Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy. Advances in instrumentation to measure very small magnetic fields have allowed these two techniques to be used more in recent years. What is used is a sensor called a SQUID, for superconducting quantum interference device. This operates at liquid helium temperatures and can measure magnetic fields thousands of times smaller than the Earth’s.

Finally, there is a burgeoning market for magnetic cures in which magnets are applied in a variety of ways to the body, from magnetic bracelets to magnetic mattresses. The best that can be said for such practices is that they are apparently harmless, unless the magnets get close to the patient’s computer or magnetic storage disks. Claims are made for a broad spectrum of benefits from cleansing the blood to giving the patient more energy, but clinical studies have not verified these claims, nor is there an identifiable mechanism by which such benefits might occur.

Phet explorations: magnet and compass

Ever wonder how a compass worked to point you to the Arctic? Explore the interactions between a compass and bar magnet, and then add the Earth and find the surprising answer! Vary the magnet's strength, and see how things change both inside and outside. Use the field meter to measure how the magnetic field changes.

Magnet and Compass

Section summary

  • Crossed (perpendicular) electric and magnetic fields act as a velocity filter, giving equal and opposite forces on any charge with velocity perpendicular to the fields and of magnitude
    v = E B . size 12{v= { {E} over {B} } "." } {}

Conceptual questions

Measurements of the weak and fluctuating magnetic fields associated with brain activity are called magnetoencephalograms (MEGs). Do the brain’s magnetic fields imply coordinated or uncoordinated nerve impulses? Explain.

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Discuss the possibility that a Hall voltage would be generated on the moving heart of a patient during MRI imaging. Also discuss the same effect on the wires of a pacemaker. (The fact that patients with pacemakers are not given MRIs is significant.)

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A patient in an MRI unit turns his head quickly to one side and experiences momentary dizziness and a strange taste in his mouth. Discuss the possible causes.

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You are told that in a certain region there is either a uniform electric or magnetic field. What measurement or observation could you make to determine the type? (Ignore the Earth’s magnetic field.)

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Questions & Answers

what is nuclear reaction?
Velina Reply
In a chemical reaction, you have atoms being rearranged in different patterns, so you end up with the same atoms but different molecules. In a nuclear reaction, you go one step deeper: you rearrange protons and neutrons, do you end up with different atoms.
Adrian
So, for example, stars fuse 2 Hydrogen atoms into 1 Helium atom (that's called nuclear fusion). Nuclear reactors break down heavy unstable atoms into smaller ones (that's nuclear fission)
Adrian
whats drag force?
Muhsin Reply
who can explain me about the connecting between energy and work? I don't understand about the equation of the formula
The Reply
Energy can be defined as the ability an object has to do work. so lets say if u want to move something from one place to another you would need energy to do it. a table a certain distance, but if u dont have energy that means you will not be able to move it. Work=Force×distance.
Mario
from work-kinetic energy theorem we get that work=change in kinetic energy
Mario
what is thermo electric thermometer
Undie Reply
Who can help me with dynamics?
ivan Reply
can someone enumerate the First and second law of thermodynamics
oladele Reply
radiation of phones kept amazing me
Okugbesan Reply
f=m(v-u)/t
Adeleke Reply
why acceleration due to gravity varies from place to place
Adeleke
I understand light is a range of wavelenghts from em spectrum, but Where do photons come from in particular, how it is emitted from the sun?
Ian Reply
please what is the formula for calculating Newton second law of motion?
Ogodo Reply
F=ma
pierre
what is emotion
Lilian Reply
properties of transverse waves
Abiodun Reply
is visible light electromagnetic wave?
akash Reply
Visible light is a range of wavelengths within the electro magnetic spectrum.
Robert
It is electro magnetic radiation from the sun.
Robert
please what is the formula for coefficient of kinetic friction
Seyi Reply
What is work
Sunbomustaphar Reply
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, College physics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9
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