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This research study involved interaction via questionnaire and semi structured interviews with a range of stakeholders who have a direct interest and significant influence on the development of a sustainable nanotechnology cluster in the South West Wales region. Recommendations have emerged from the study which strategy and policy makers may find useful. They fall broadly into the five components of such a cluster as hypothesised by the work, namely people, science, economy, culture and governance. Some recommendations could clearly be included in more than one of the components; however, the following categorisation is broadly in line with the discussion.


  • That the Higher Education (HE) sector ensures that there is an education provision in place at undergraduate and postgraduate level tailored to the needs of regional emerging clusters.
  • That those programmes and indeed all HE programmes should include a business theme as part of the ethos of a programme and not simply have a module that may be ‘tacked on’ in order to make a token gesture.
  • That HE provision should seek to develop an open, collaborative, global mindset in the student population, thereby preparing them for the economic landscape of the 21 st Century.
  • That HE should seek to recruit and retain academics who also reflect the open, collaborative and global philosophy thereby not only contributing to the broader economic life of the region but also serving as mentors in that regard to the students under their influence.


  • That pockets of world class research are essential if a region is to develop a sustainable knowledge cluster.
  • The research has to relevant to the world of business and to the targeted sector.
  • That the intellectual property (IP) generated must have a clear translational route leading to the creation of value.
  • That the science is embedded in culture appropriately governed by a system, which understands the science, the sector and the world of business.


  • That key stakeholders in Wales establish a protocol for communicating individual value imperatives.
  • That a road map leading to the creation of value be a prerequisite for any application for public sector funding initiatives.
  • That the Business Schools of Wales be engaged in a strategy for developing the management talent tailored for knowledge business.
  • That a dialogue on the subject of the most appropriate approach to risk amongst stakeholders should lead to a common understanding of organisational perspectives and protocols for dealing with the issues in a pragmatic and timely manner.
  • That a dialogue on the subject of the most appropriate KPIs amongst stakeholders should lead to a common understanding of organisational perspectives and protocols for measuring progress along the value road map in a meaningful manner.


  • That regional stakeholders recognise the need to develop in partnership a culture that recognises the need to be open, collaborative and global.
  • That an integrated regional communications strategy be put in place that ensures that success is celebrated.
  • That partners, particularly in the public sector, recognise the need to be outcome rather than process driven.
  • That openness to realising activities delivering combined public and private sector outcomes become embedded with a “can do” mindset.


  • That a strategy is put in place to enable a dialogue between the governance infrastructure of key stakeholders driving collaborative work to a common vision
  • That key regional stakeholders adopt open, global, multidisciplinary working as their modus operandi .
  • That regions steward their knowledge economies by effectively combining the five core components of: people, culture, economics, science and governance.
  • That institutions embed collaborative working within their strategic plans reflecting their role within the regional innovation system.
  • That processes are established and operated to facilitate and support activity, removing barriers and obstacles rather than creating them.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
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