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Science in the presidential campaign

During the 2008 primary campaigns, the science community seemed intent on reversing trends established during the outgoing Bush administration. The ScienceDebate2008 initiative invited all presidential candidates to publicly debate federal involvement in key science and technology issues. “The National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the National Institute of Medicine, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Council on Competitiveness, dozens of Nobel laureates and presidents of major universities, former presidential science advisors, and thousands of distinguished scientists, engineers, and concerned citizens joined in the effort [to promote such a debate].” Sheril R. Kirshenbaum, et. al., “Science and Government: Science and the Candidates,” Science (April 11, 2008), 182-85. The community undoubtedly was driven to act in part by the spectacle during one Republican primary debate of seeing nearly all the participants raise their hands when asked if they believed in creationism or intelligent design.

Although neither presidential candidate addressed science and technology directly in any public appearance, both did speak extensively about science- and technology-related issues, including alternative, renewable energy resources, the effects of anthropogenic global climate change, and embryonic stem cell research. Neither candidate publicly addressed the level of federal support for R&D until the September 2008 financial crisis obliged them to declare that budgets during their first year in office would be tight, At the February 2008 annual meeting of the AAAS, a panel discussed the views of the would-be candidates on science and technology-related issues. Senator Hillary Clinton stated during one of the debates among the Democratic candidates that she would, if elected, upgrade the presidential science advisory system. but that federal R&D budgets would not be cut significantly.

Obama sought a great deal of advice on science, most notably from Nobel laureate Harold Varmus, president of the memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and former director of the National Institutes of Health. Varmus reputedly drafted Obama’s answers to an October 2007 Research!America questionnaire in which Obama wrote that he “supports increasing funding at the NIH, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and ‘expanding and accelerating research using stem cell lines.’” Bob Grant, “The Future of U.S. Science Policy,” The Scientist 22 (issue 9), 30-33.

On December 20—earlier than any of his predecessors—Obama announced the selection of his science advisor, to be designated Assistant to the President for Science and Technology: John Holdren, director of the Science, Technology and Public Policy Program at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and the Woods Hole Institute.

Future Presidential Science Advisor John Holdren at a January 2008 Energy Roundtable on Capitol Hill. Left to right: Michael Tamor, Phil Schewe, Holdren, Congressman Steve Israel (D-NY), Rosina Bierbaum, and Fred Dylla. Courtesy AIP Emilio Segre Visual Archives.

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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