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What can you do with a tuple ?

You can do just about anything with a tuple that you can do with a list, taking into account the fact that the tuple is immutable . Therefore, those list operations that change the value of a list in place cannotbe performed on a tuple. For example, you cannot call the append method on a tuple as you can on a list.

As with strings and lists, items in a tuple are accessed using a numeric index. The first item in a tuple is at index value0.

Why do tuples exist ?

Tuples provide some degree of integrity to the data stored in them. You can pass a tuple around through a program and be confident that its value can'tbe accidentally changed. As mentioned earlier, however, the values stored in the items referred to in a tuple can be changed.

In addition, in a future module, you will see some sample programs that require the use of tuples.

A sample program

Indexing and slicing tuples

Listing 1 shows the beginning of a Python program that first creates, and then manipulates a simple tuple.

Listing 1 . Beginning of the program.
# Illustrates indexing and slicing a simple tuple #------------------------------------------------print("Create a simple tuple") aTuple = (3.14,59,"A string",1024)

The remainder of this program will be shown and discussed as code fragments in subsequent Listings. The entire program is shown in Listing 6 near the end of the module.

The program output

At this point, I am going to show you the output produced by executing the program so that youwill have it available for reference during the discussion that follows. The output from the code in Listing 6 is shown in Figure 2 .

Figure 2 . Output from code in Listing 6.
Create a simple tuple Print index value 2A string Print a short slice(3.14, 59, 'A string') Print the entire tuple(3.14, 59, 'A string', 1024)

Tuple syntax

From a syntax viewpoint, you create a tuple by placing a sequence of items inside a pair of enclosing parentheses and separating them by commas.

Note that the parentheses can be omitted when such omission will not lead toambiguity.

The fragment in Listing 1 creates a simple four-item tuple and assigns it to the variable named aTuple .

Note that the items in a tuple can be different types. This simple tuple contains a float, an integer, a string, and another integer.

In this case, the parentheses could be omitted from the tuple syntax, because such omission would not lead to ambiguity. Listing 2 shows what this code fragment would look like if the parentheses were omitted.

Listing 2 . Tuple code with parentheses removed.
# Illustrates indexing and slicing a simple tuple #------------------------------------------------print("Create a simple tuple") aTuple = 3.14,59,"A string",1024

The code fragments in Listing 1 and Listing 2 are operationally identical and produce the same output, as shown in Figure 2 .

Indexing items in a tuple

The items in a tuple can be accessed using an index enclosed in square brackets as shown in Listing 3 . (Earlier modules showed how to use an index in square brackets to access the items in a list.)

Listing 3 . Indexing items in a tuple.
print("Print index value 2") print(aTuple[2])

The third item in the tuple is accessed and printed in Listing 3 . (Remember, index values begin with the value 0, so index value 2 points to the third item in thetuple.)

The second and third lines of text in Figure 2 were produced by the code in Listing 3 .

Tuples can be sliced

Tuples can be sliced just like lists and strings. This is illustrated by the code in Listing 4 .

Listing 4 . Printing a short slice from a tuple.
print("Print a short slice") print(aTuple[0:3])

The code in Listing 4 uses a slice to access and print the first three items in the tuple. (Remember, a slice begins with the index shown by the first specified value and ends with the index whose value is one less than the secondspecified value.)

The output produced by the code in Listing 4 is shown by the fourth and fifth lines of text in Figure 2 .

Finally, the code fragment in Listing 5 causes the entire tuple to be accessed and printed, as shown by the last twolines of text in Figure 2 .

Listing 5 . Print the entire tuple.
print("Print the entire tuple") print(aTuple[:100])

Complete program listing

A complete listing of the program is shown in Listing 6 .

Listing 6 . Complete program listing.
# Illustrates indexing and slicing a simple tuple #------------------------------------------------print("Create a simple tuple") aTuple = (3.14,59,"A string",1024)print("Print index value 2") print(aTuple[2]) print("Print a short slice")print(aTuple[0:3])print("Print the entire tuple") print(aTuple[:100])

Run the program

I encourage you to copy the code from Listing 6 . Execute the code and confirm that you get the same results as those shown in Figure 2 . Experiment with the code, making changes, and observing the results of your changes. Make certain that youcan explain why your changes behave as they do.


This section contains a variety of miscellaneous information.

Housekeeping material
  • Module name: Itse1359-1100-Indexing and Slicing Tuples
  • File: Itse1359-1100.htm
  • Published: 10/19/14
  • Revised: 01/31/16

Financial : Although the Connexions site makes it possible for you to download a PDF file for thismodule at no charge, and also makes it possible for you to purchase a pre-printed version of the PDF file, you should beaware that some of the HTML elements in this module may not translate well into PDF.

I also want you to know that, I receive no financial compensation from the Connexions website even if you purchase the PDF version of the module.

In the past, unknown individuals have copied my modules from cnx.org, converted them to Kindle books, and placed them for sale on Amazon.com showing me as the author. Ineither receive compensation for those sales nor do I know who does receive compensation. If you purchase such a book, please beaware that it is a copy of a module that is freelyavailable on cnx.org and that it was made and published without my prior knowledge.

Affiliation : I am a professor of Computer Information Technology at Austin Community College in Austin, TX.


Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
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what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
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a perfect square v²+2v+_
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algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
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or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
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if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
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rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
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No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
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is it 3×y ?
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J, combine like terms 7x-4y
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I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
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Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
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what is nano technology
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preparation of nanomaterial
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
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