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Life orientation

Grade 4

Good health

Module 5

Road safety

Road safety: Traffic rules for pedestrians and cyclists

We often read about accidents involving scholars on their way to school either on foot or on their bicycles. Many of these accidents can be prevented if children (and their parents) are familiar with and obey traffic rules.

These are a few of the basic rules that pedestrians must obey

Before crossing the street, first look to your right, then to your left and then to the right again to make sure that there aren’t any vehicles approaching and then cross the street.

When crossing a busy street, it should be done at a robot or stop street, and not just any place.

Cross a street at the zebra pedestrian crossing, or at a scholar patrol crossing if it is available.

Always walk on the sidewalk and not in the street. Where there isn’t a sidewalk or a safety strip alongside the road, walk briskly on the shoulder of the road as far as possible away from the traffic, facing the approaching vehicles (i.e. on the right-hand side).

Be very careful at driveways for vehicles.

Do not play ball games or chase one another near or in a motor road.

A few rules that cyclists must remember

Make sure that your bicycle is roadworthy.

Your bicycle must have a bell.

When you are riding at dusk or in the dark, your bicycle must have a light.

Always wear a crash helmet. It protects your head (and brain) if you fall or are involved in an accident. It could save your life.

Ride as far as possible only along bicycle paths.

Plan your route to school and choose the safest route and not necessarily the shortest route.

Never ride alongside your friend, but ride behind each other.

Give clear and correct hand signals when you want to turn.

Never perform tricks when there is traffic on the road.

Activity 1

To draw a road map for cyclists [LO 1.4]

Draw a road map for cyclists or motorcars of the streets in the immediate vicinity of the school. The following must be indicated or drawn where applicable:

  • The school
  • The entrances to the school
  • Sidewalks or safe walking areas for pedestrians
  • The bus stop or taxi rank
  • Scholar patrol crossing
  • Zebra pedestrian crossing
  • Traffic lights
  • Stop streets
  • Parking areas
  • Bicycle routes
  • Bicycle shed
  • Traffic official on duty during peak hour traffic

Draw arrows with a green pen or colour pencil to indicate the safest route for pedestrians, and indicate the safest route for cyclists in purple. Red crosses indicate danger zones on the route.

Assessment

1 2 3 4
Correct identification of dangerous areas
Accuracy of “map work”
Execution of assignment
Neatness
Additional mark for creativity and originality

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HEALTH PROMOTION

The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

1.4 lists and explains traffic rules relevant to road users.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11094/1.1
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