<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


  • To have every student achieve to his or her potential.
  • To learn how to learn and to think critically.
  • To encourage students to take an active role in their own education by bringing their stories and experiences into the learning scope.
  • To address diverse learning styles.
  • To appreciate the contributions of different groups who have contributed to our knowledge base.
  • To develop positive attitudes about groups of people who are different from ourselves.
  • To become good citizens of the school, the community, the country, and the world community.
  • To learn how to evaluate knowledge from different perspectives.
  • To develop an ethnic, national, and global identity.
  • To provide decision-making skills and critical-analysis skills so the students can make better choices in their everyday lives.


(Adpated from: Gordon and Roberts, Report of social studies syllabus review and development committee, 1991)

  • The selection of subject matter content should be culturally inclusive, based on up-to-date scholarship. This inclusivity shouldincorporate opposing opinions and divergent interpretations.
  • The subject matter content selected for inclusion should represent diversity and unity within and across groups.
  • The subject matter selected for inclusion should be set within the context of its time and place.
  • The subject matter selected for inclusion should give priority to depth over breadth.
  • Multicultural perspectives should infuse the entire curriculum, pre K-12.
  • The subject matter content should be treated as socially constructed and therefore tentative - as is all knowledge.
  • The teaching of all subjects should draw and build on the experience and knowledge that the students bring to the classroom.
  • Pedagogy should incorporate a range of interactive modes of teaching and learning in order to foster understanding (rather thanrote learning), examination of controversy, and mutual learning.

Required Reading PDF:

The IS and the ISN'T of Multicultural Education

Reflecting on personal multiculturalism

Things I Can Do - adapted from Edchange

  • It is important to be aware of one's own identity and how one expresses it.
  • It is important to ask questions of others to find out if I am being sensitive to their needs. It is important to invite feedback about how Iam being perceived.
  • It is important that I see what the results may be of my actions in terms of who may be excluded or included. I must consider all my students asequals, so if my actions favor one kind of student over another, I am discriminating and must change my behavior.
  • If I am not connecting with particular kinds of students, it is my responsibility to find out why and to accept feedback on how to be moreinclusive.
  • I must extend myself to teachers who are different from me (in terms of race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender, religion, firstlanguage, disability, and other identities). These can be valuable relationships of trust and honest critique.
  • I must listen actively to what students have to say about how they view me.
  • I can always learn more as a student myself, especially of the culture and background of my students. In doing so, I can include my newlearnings into lessons so that students feel included and validated and see how their culture has values.
  • It is easy to blame students for failure. A sensitive teacher must take responsibility for such failure and work extra hard to help thatstudent succeed. Many of the issues having to do with poor achievement may reflect inattention to a student's cultural needs.
  • I can celebrate myself as an educator and total person. I can, and should, also celebrate every moment I spend in self-critique, howeverdifficult and painful, because it will make me a better educator. And that is something to celebrate!

Questions & Answers

so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Course 4: culture for understanding. OpenStax CNX. Mar 13, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10334/1.10
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Course 4: culture for understanding' conversation and receive update notifications?