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  • The main method calls the method printMax ; the actual parameters are two integer literals.
  • The activation record for printMax is allocated, and the actual parameters are used to initialize the formal parameters a and b .
  • The variable max is allocated but not initialized.
  • The method maximum is called; the actual parameters are the values of a and b , which are the formal variables of method printMax .
  • An activation record is allocated for maximum . (There are now three activation in the stack.) The new activation record includesmemory for the formal parameters a and b ; note that these are new parameters not at all related to the formal parameters of the same namesin the previous method printMax because those parameters are hidden.
  • The method maximum executes its body and returns a value. Just before it returns, select the tab Call Tree above the graphic display; the sequence of calls from main to printMax and then maximum is displayed. Select Theater to return to the animated display.
  • When the method returns, its activation record is deallocated, uncovering the activation record of printMax .
  • The value returned is assigned to the variable max and printed.
  • When printMax completes its execution, its activation record is deallocated.

Note: In a call to a static method, the name of the class in which it is defined can be given as in the call to maximum . Since the method is defined in the same class as the call,the class name need not be given, as shown in the call to printMax .

Exercise Write a program to compute the maximum of six values using as few statements as possible.


Concept Recursion occurs when method calls itself. There is nothing at all mysterious about recursion!Each call simply creates a new activation record on the stack. However, to ensure that the recursive calls terminate,eventually, some call of the method should return without invoking itself once again.

Program: Method04.java

// Learning Object Method04 //    recursionpublic class Method04 {     static int factorial (int n) {        if (n <= 1)             return 1;        else             return n * factorial(n-1);    }      public static void main(/*String[] args*/) {        System.out.println(factorial(5));     }}

The standard example of a recursive method is one that computes the factorial function:

n ! = n · ( n - 1 ) · · 2 · 1 = n · ( n - 1 ) !

The recursion is terminated by defining n ! = 1 for n 1 .

  • The main method calls the method factorial with the actual parameter 5. This creates an activation record with the formal parameter n initialized to 5.
  • To compute the expression in the second return statement, the method factorial is called again, this time with the actual parameter equal to 5 - 1 = 4 .
  • The sequence of recursive calls continues five times, each one allocating a new activation record with a new variable n .
  • Finally, factorial is called with actual parameter 1. This call creates a new activation record as usual, but does notcause factorial to be invoked again. Instead, the value 1 is returned and the activation record is deallocated.Just before the method returns, select the tab Call Tree above the graphic display; the sequence of calls from main to the sequence of recursive calls is displayed. Select Theater to return to the animated display.
  • The recursive sequence unfolds : each returned value is used to compute a new value to be returned by that call of factorial .
  • Finally, the value 120 is returned to the main method and printed.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Learning objects for java (with jeliot). OpenStax CNX. Dec 28, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10915/1.2
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