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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 9 x 2 + 13 x 6 ;   x 1

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 + x 2 5 x + 2 ;   x + 2

2 ,   1 ,   1 2

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f ( x ) = 3 x 3 + x 2 20 x + 12 ;   x + 3

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 + 3 x 2 + x + 6 ; x + 2

2

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f ( x ) = 5 x 3 + 16 x 2 9 ; x 3

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x 3 + 3 x 2 + 4 x + 12 ; x + 3

3

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4 x 3 7 x + 3 ; x 1

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2 x 3 + 5 x 2 12 x 30 , 2 x + 5

5 2 ,   6 ,   6

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For the following exercises, use the Rational Zero Theorem to find all real zeros.

x 3 3 x 2 10 x + 24 = 0

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2 x 3 + 7 x 2 10 x 24 = 0

2 ,   4 ,   3 2

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x 3 + 2 x 2 9 x 18 = 0

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x 3 + 5 x 2 16 x 80 = 0

4 ,   4 ,   5

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x 3 3 x 2 25 x + 75 = 0

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2 x 3 3 x 2 32 x 15 = 0

5 ,   3 ,   1 2

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2 x 3 + x 2 7 x 6 = 0

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2 x 3 3 x 2 x + 1 = 0

1 2 ,   1 + 5 2 ,   1 5 2

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3 x 3 x 2 11 x 6 = 0

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2 x 3 5 x 2 + 9 x 9 = 0

3 2

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2 x 3 3 x 2 + 4 x + 3 = 0

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x 4 2 x 3 7 x 2 + 8 x + 12 = 0

2 ,   3 ,   1 ,   2

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x 4 + 2 x 3 9 x 2 2 x + 8 = 0

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4 x 4 + 4 x 3 25 x 2 x + 6 = 0

1 2 ,   1 2 ,   2 ,   3

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2 x 4 3 x 3 15 x 2 + 32 x 12 = 0

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x 4 + 2 x 3 4 x 2 10 x 5 = 0

1 ,   1 ,   5 ,   5

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8 x 4 + 26 x 3 + 39 x 2 + 26 x + 6

3 4 ,   1 2

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For the following exercises, find all complex solutions (real and non-real).

x 3 8 x 2 + 25 x 26 = 0

2 ,   3 + 2 i ,   3 2 i

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x 3 + 13 x 2 + 57 x + 85 = 0

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3 x 3 4 x 2 + 11 x + 10 = 0

2 3 ,   1 + 2 i ,   1 2 i

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x 4 + 2 x 3 + 22 x 2 + 50 x 75 = 0

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2 x 3 3 x 2 + 32 x + 17 = 0

1 2 ,   1 + 4 i ,   1 4 i

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Graphical

For the following exercises, use Descartes’ Rule to determine the possible number of positive and negative solutions. Confirm with the given graph.

f ( x ) = x 4 x 2 1

1 positive, 1 negative

Graph of f(x)=x^4-x^2-1.
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f ( x ) = x 3 2 x 2 5 x + 6

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f ( x ) = x 3 2 x 2 + x 1

3 or 1 positive, 0 negative

Graph of f(x)=x^3-2x^2+x-1.
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f ( x ) = x 4 + 2 x 3 12 x 2 + 14 x 5

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 + 37 x 2 + 200 x + 300

0 positive, 3 or 1 negative

Graph of f(x)=2x^3+37x^2+200x+300.
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f ( x ) = x 3 2 x 2 16 x + 32

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f ( x ) = 2 x 4 5 x 3 5 x 2 + 5 x + 3

2 or 0 positive, 2 or 0 negative

Graph of f(x)=2x^4-5x^3-5x^2+5x+3.
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f ( x ) = 2 x 4 5 x 3 14 x 2 + 20 x + 8

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f ( x ) = 10 x 4 21 x 2 + 11

2 or 0 positive, 2 or 0 negative

Graph of f(x)=10x^4-21x^2+11.
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Numeric

For the following exercises, list all possible rational zeros for the functions.

f ( x ) = x 4 + 3 x 3 4 x + 4

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 + 3 x 2 8 x + 5

± 5 ,   ± 1 ,   ± 5 2

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f ( x ) = 3 x 3 + 5 x 2 5 x + 4

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f ( x ) = 6 x 4 10 x 2 + 13 x + 1

± 1 ,   ± 1 2 ,   ± 1 3 ,   ± 1 6

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f ( x ) = 4 x 5 10 x 4 + 8 x 3 + x 2 8

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Technology

For the following exercises, use your calculator to graph the polynomial function. Based on the graph, find the rational zeros. All real solutions are rational.

f ( x ) = 6 x 3 7 x 2 + 1

1 ,   1 2 ,   1 3

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f ( x ) = 4 x 3 4 x 2 13 x 5

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f ( x ) = 8 x 3 6 x 2 23 x + 6

2 ,   1 4 ,   3 2

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f ( x ) = 12 x 4 + 55 x 3 + 12 x 2 117 x + 54

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f ( x ) = 16 x 4 24 x 3 + x 2 15 x + 25

5 4

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Extensions

For the following exercises, construct a polynomial function of least degree possible using the given information.

Real roots: –1, 1, 3 and ( 2 , f ( 2 ) ) = ( 2 , 4 )

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Real roots: –1 (with multiplicity 2 and 1) and ( 2 , f ( 2 ) ) = ( 2 , 4 )

f ( x ) = 4 9 ( x 3 + x 2 x 1 )

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Real roots: –2, 1 2 (with multiplicity 2) and ( 3 , f ( 3 ) ) = ( 3 , 5 )

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Real roots: 1 2 , 0, 1 2 and ( 2 , f ( 2 ) ) = ( 2 , 6 )

f ( x ) = 1 5 ( 4 x 3 x )

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Real roots: –4, –1, 1, 4 and ( 2 , f ( 2 ) ) = ( 2 , 10 )

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, find the dimensions of the box described.

The length is twice as long as the width. The height is 2 inches greater than the width. The volume is 192 cubic inches.

8 by 4 by 6 inches

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The length, width, and height are consecutive whole numbers. The volume is 120 cubic inches.

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The length is one inch more than the width, which is one inch more than the height. The volume is 86.625 cubic inches.

5.5 by 4.5 by 3.5 inches

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The length is three times the height and the height is one inch less than the width. The volume is 108 cubic inches.

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The length is 3 inches more than the width. The width is 2 inches more than the height. The volume is 120 cubic inches.

8 by 5 by 3 inches

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For the following exercises, find the dimensions of the right circular cylinder described.

The radius is 3 inches more than the height. The volume is 16 π cubic meters.

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The height is one less than one half the radius. The volume is 72 π cubic meters.

Radius = 6 meters, Height = 2 meters

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The radius and height differ by one meter. The radius is larger and the volume is 48 π cubic meters.

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The radius and height differ by two meters. The height is greater and the volume is 28.125 π cubic meters.

Radius = 2.5 meters, Height = 4.5 meters

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80. The radius is 1 3 meter greater than the height. The volume is 98 9 π cubic meters.

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Questions & Answers

can I see the picture
Zairen Reply
How would you find if a radical function is one to one?
Peighton Reply
how to understand calculus?
Jenica Reply
with doing calculus
SLIMANE
Thanks po.
Jenica
Hey I am new to precalculus, and wanted clarification please on what sine is as I am floored by the terms in this app? I don't mean to sound stupid but I have only completed up to college algebra.
rachel Reply
I don't know if you are looking for a deeper answer or not, but the sine of an angle in a right triangle is the length of the opposite side to the angle in question divided by the length of the hypotenuse of said triangle.
Marco
can you give me sir tips to quickly understand precalculus. Im new too in that topic. Thanks
Jenica
if you remember sine, cosine, and tangent from geometry, all the relationships are the same but they use x y and r instead (x is adjacent, y is opposite, and r is hypotenuse).
Natalie
it is better to use unit circle than triangle .triangle is only used for acute angles but you can begin with. Download any application named"unit circle" you find in it all you need. unit circle is a circle centred at origine (0;0) with radius r= 1.
SLIMANE
What is domain
johnphilip
the standard equation of the ellipse that has vertices (0,-4)&(0,4) and foci (0, -15)&(0,15) it's standard equation is x^2 + y^2/16 =1 tell my why is it only x^2? why is there no a^2?
Reena Reply
what is foci?
Reena Reply
This term is plural for a focus, it is used for conic sections. For more detail or other math questions. I recommend researching on "Khan academy" or watching "The Organic Chemistry Tutor" YouTube channel.
Chris
how to determine the vertex,focus,directrix and axis of symmetry of the parabola by equations
Bryssen Reply
i want to sure my answer of the exercise
meena Reply
what is the diameter of(x-2)²+(y-3)²=25
Den Reply
how to solve the Identity ?
Barcenas Reply
what type of identity
Jeffrey
Confunction Identity
Barcenas
how to solve the sums
meena
hello guys
meena
For each year t, the population of a forest of trees is represented by the function A(t) = 117(1.029)t. In a neighboring forest, the population of the same type of tree is represented by the function B(t) = 86(1.025)t.
Shakeena Reply
by how many trees did forest "A" have a greater number?
Shakeena
32.243
Kenard
how solve standard form of polar
Rhudy Reply
what is a complex number used for?
Drew Reply
It's just like any other number. The important thing to know is that they exist and can be used in computations like any number.
Steve
I would like to add that they are used in AC signal analysis for one thing
Scott
Good call Scott. Also radar signals I believe.
Steve
They are used in any profession where the phase of a waveform has to be accounted for in the calculations. Imagine two electrical signals in a wire that are out of phase by 90°. At some times they will interfere constructively, others destructively. Complex numbers simplify those equations
Tim
Is there any rule we can use to get the nth term ?
Anwar Reply
how do you get the (1.4427)^t in the carp problem?
Gabrielle Reply
Practice Key Terms 6

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Source:  OpenStax, Precalculus. OpenStax CNX. Jan 19, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11667/1.6
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