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  • Building trust and rapport
  • Organizational diagnosis
  • Dealing with the process
  • Using resources
  • Managing the work
  • Building skill and confidence in others (p.153)

The skills listed above follow the logic of the quantum world; they are the skills that focus on the connections that people make as they bring their wisdom and voices to the table. First on the list is the importance of relational trust. In the area of organizational diagnosis, teachers are encouraged to observe and share their observations with other members of the school, rather than passively receive the data to review. Lieberman, Saxl and Miles (1998) suggested, “Collaboration does not come as a natural consequence of working in a school. It must be taught, learned, nurtured, and supported until it replaces working privately” (p.156). Collaboration is not without conflict, and therefore it is essential that teachers learn new methods for resolving disputes and reaching consensus in PLC work.

Teachers can become agents of institutional change. Palmer (2008) stated, “These are not simply talking points for a sermon. We have empirical evidence that in the absence of moral agency and peer community, schools are less likely to grow their capacity to serve the young” (p.13). Tschannen-Moran (2004) agreed,

Professional learning communities share three important features: the adults in them act and are treated as professionals, there is a focus on learning, and there is a strong sense of community. For these three features to characterize a schools’ culture, trust is required. (p.107)

Trust is the seed in the school that feeds the culture and the culture feeds the trust; the two interact. Trust is the building block for teachers who can begin to believe again that their voice matters. Yet, Fullan (2007) reminded us, “…finding moral and intellectual meaning is not just to make teachers feel better, it is fundamentally related to whether teachers are likely to find the considerable energy required to transform the status quo” (p.39). The purpose of collaboration is to use human talent for growth and change, avoiding the ceiling effect of learning that people have when they learn in isolation. Leaders make a difference as they strive to create environments that empower teachers and foster relationships that develop PLCs (Fleming, 2004; LeTelllier, 2007; Hord&Sommers, 2008; McLaughlin&Talbert, 2006; Moller, 2004; Morrissey&Cowan, 2004).

Quantum theory and its application to plcs

Quantum theory provides a framework for analyzing the transformation that occurs in PLCs. For purposes of this paper, the conceptual design of PLCs is taken from Hord (2004) in which five dimensions are listed as interdependent characteristics:

  • Supportive and shared leadership
  • Shared values and vision
  • Collective learning and application of learning
  • Supportive conditions
  • Shared practice (p.7)

In PLCs, teachers work collaboratively to study together, build shared practice, and improve student learning. Analysts have pointed to the difficulty in creating learning communities while calling for their creation. McLaughlin&Talbert (2001) stated, “Principles for professional development policy, practice and initiative that come from nearly two decades of U.S. reform underscore our conclusion that teacher learning communities constitute the best context for professional growth and change” (p.135). As principals foster the vision for PLCs they are well-served to begin with fostering relationships.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ncpea education leadership review, volume 10, number 2; august 2009. OpenStax CNX. Feb 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10710/1.2
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