# 0.4 Data and processing

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This module discusses the data received for this project as well as its processing into an image.

## Introduction and preparation of sar data

In order to simulate the processing of SAR data, we received SAR data from the ECE department at Ohio State University. The data they gave us was acquired through a computer simulated fly-by past a CAD model of a backhoe.

The data we received from OSU was in digital format, meaning the analog mixing and low pass filtering was already completed and we received digitized versions of Cθ(t). This function was shown to be equivalent to Pθ(U), the Fourier transform of our projection slices pθ(u). The matlab file that contained this information was a 512x1541 matrix iq_lin, a vector of various Pθsignals for different values ofθ, the viewing angle. There were 1541 different viewing angles, listed in az_lin, that stepped by 1/14˚for each element and varied from -10˚to 100˚, a median viewing angle of 45˚. We also received a vector of length 512 called f that contained the microwave frequencies (7-13 GHz) that were transmitted and received. By using the wideband approximation, we made the transformation from time frequency to spatial frequency via

$R\approx 2\omega /c=\left(4\pi /c\right)f$

where R is the radial spatial frequency and f is the microwave frequency content. By the projection slice theorem, we have that the various Pθare arranged radially in a polar grid along the various anglesθ. We then get that our data lies on a domain

$-\text{10}°\le \theta \le \text{100}°$

$R\in \mathrm{\Delta R}=\left[\left(4\pi /c\right){f}_{\text{min}},\left(4\pi /c\right){f}_{\text{max}}\right]$

## Processing of sar data

Knowing that our data is the Fourier transform of our image, after the proper preparation we want to take the inverse Fourier transform. To do this simply and efficiently (we don’t want Matlab running for hours!) we linearly interpolate the data to a Cartesian grid. This is done in our Matlab function sar_lin (code found in appendix). The idea is to find an inscribed rectangular grid inside our polar data. We chose to use the square centered at 45˚inscribed in our ribbon. To interpolate we made a Cartesian grid at this location and computed the polar representation of each point in order to find its 4 nearest polar neighbors. Once those neighbors were found, the Cartesian point’s value was determined by linearly interpolating in the R-direction for the twoθvalues and then linearly interpolating in theθ-direction. The end result of our program’s running of this is shown below.

After linearly interpolating each point in the Cartesian grid we have formed, we now have our data in a form that allows us to take the 2-d inverse DFT by the fast Fourier transform method. This is what saved us computation time (program ran in about 15 seconds) and is the reason we interpolated to Cartesian coordinates to begin with. Below is the image after taking the inverse Fourier transform.

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
China
Cied
types of nano material
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
what is nano technology
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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