# 0.14 Phy1110: force -- moments, torque, couple, and equilibrium

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This module explains moments, torque, and couples in a format that is accessible to blind students.

## General

This module is part of a collection of modules designed to make physics concepts accessible to blind students.

If you opened this page in the context of the book, a Table of Contents for the book (or collection) should be available above and to the left of thisparagraph. Otherwise, click here to open the book at the beginning.

This book is intended to supplement but not to replace the textbook in an introductory high school or college physics course.

This module explains moments, torque, and couples in a format that is accessible to blind students.

## Prerequisites

In addition to an Internet connection and a browser, you will need the following tools (as a minimum) to work through the exercises in these modules:

• A graph board for plotting graphs and vector diagrams ( (External Link) ).
• A protractor for measuring angles ( (External Link) ).
• An audio screen reader that is compatible with your operating system, such as the NonVisual Desktop Access program (NVDA), which is freelyavailable at (External Link) .
• A refreshable Braille display capable of providing a line by line tactile output of information displayed on the computer monitor ( (External Link) ).
• A device to create Braille labels. Will be used to label graphs constructed on the graph board.
• The ability to create tactile graphics as described here .

The minimum prerequisites for understanding the material in these modules include:

• A good understanding of algebra.
• An understanding of the use of a graph board for plotting graphs and vector diagrams ( (External Link) ).
• An understanding of the use of a protractor for measuring angles ( (External Link) ).
• A basic understanding of the use of sine, cosine, and tangent from trigonometry ( (External Link) ).
• An introductory understanding of JavaScript programming ( (External Link) and (External Link) ).
• An understanding of all of the material covered in the earlier modules in this collection.
• An understanding of the creation and use of tactile graphics as described here .

## Viewing tip

I recommend that you open another copy of this document in a separate browser window and use the following link to easily find and view the figure while you are reading aboutit.

## Figures

• Figure 1 . Mirror image from the file named Phy1110a1.svg.
• Figure 2 . Non-mirror-image version of the image from the file named Phy1110a1.svg.
• Figure 3 . Key-value pairs for the image in the file named Phy1110a1.svg.
• Figure 4 . Relationship between pound-force and kilogram-force.
• Figure 5 . Mirror image from the file named Phy1110b1.svg.
• Figure 6 . Non-mirror-image version of the image from the file named Phy1110b1.svg.
• Figure 7 . Key-value pairs for the image in the file named Phy1110b1.svg.
• Figure 8 . Mirror image from the file named Phy1110c1.svg.
• Figure 9 . Non-mirror-image version of the image from the file named Phy1110c1.svg.
• Figure 10 . Key-value pairs for the image in the file named Phy1110c1.svg.
• Figure 11 . Mirror image from the file named Phy1110d1.svg.
• Figure 12 . Non-mirror-image version of the image from the file named Phy1110d1.svg.
• Figure 13 . Key-value pairs for the image in the file named Phy1110d1.svg.

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
China
Cied
types of nano material
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
what is nano technology
what is system testing?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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