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Opportunities for students to mirror the teacher and then branch out on their own


Effective Feedback happens when students discover their own strengths and weaknesses.

For example, when students take a test, provide an answer key and let them correct their own tests. Ask the students to thenwrite notes to themselves in a learning log about what they got right and what they got wrong and what they noticed.

Effective Feedback happens naturally when students are engaged throughout the evaluation process.

The very nature of Assignment 8 (from the last section) has a built-in feedback loop because the students are continually engagedin the evaluation process from beginning to end. The final student reflection is an act of discovery and it paves the way for dialogue betweenteacher and student. The final student reflection, too, can serve as effective feedback when conferencing with parents.

Effective feedback on assignments

As teachers, we have a choice about how to offer feedback to our students on specific assignments. We can take the route of"the doubting game" the predominant western model that includes "argument, debate, criticism, and extrication of the self" as a way ofknowing, or we can take the route of the "believing game," which challenges us "to listen, affirm, enter in, try to put ourselves into the skin of peoplewith other perceptions and asks us to share our experience with others." In Writing Without Teachers Peter Elbow discusses these two games - the need for both, and the realms in which each game worksbest.

Most likely you will need to utilize a bit of both "games " in your role as a teacher. For giving feedback on assignments, however, weemphasize the "believing game."

We ask teachers to develop and use their "believing muscle" - that is "to understand ideas from the inside." As Peter Elbowwrites, "The believing game is constant practice in getting the mind to see or think what is new, different...[the believing game]emphasizes a model of knowing as an act of constructing, an act of investment, an act ofinvolvement..." (p. 173, )

The believing game

What does it mean to "listen, affirm, enter in" when we speak of giving feedback to students?

For starters, the important thing is to read your student's assignment thoroughly - perhaps two or three times to allow the words to sink in and make an impression upon you.

Then, tell what you experienced as a reader when you read your student's words.

4 elements of effective feedback

In this spirit of engagement, we have identified 4 Elements of Effective Feedback that can be used when giving your students feedback on assignments. The first two elementsare inspired from Peter Elbow's work and are a part of exercising your "believing muscle." The other two are developed from "what works" incoaching. They are as follows:

  • Pointing
  • Summarizing
  • Posing 1 question for your Learner to consider
  • Offering 1 or 2 things for improvement

Elements 1 and 2

As you read your student's completed assignment, here are the first two elements to consider:

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Course 3: assessment practices. OpenStax CNX. Mar 13, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10337/1.11
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