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Lewensoriëntering

Graad 4

Gesondheid!

Module 1

Gesonde spyskaarte

In hierdie module kyk ons na die kenmerke van gesonde spyskaarte van verskillende kultuurgroepe.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om tradisionele mieliepap voor te berei [lu 1.1]

‘n Resep vir tradisionele mieliepap (vir ses mense)

In Suid-Afrika is ‘n bord lekker growwe mieliepap net die ding om jou krag te gee vir ‘n dag se harde werk. Drink ‘n glas vars melk vir ontbyt om seker te maak dat jy genoeg kalsium inkry om jou skelet en tande sterk en gesond te hou terwyl jy nog groei.

Hier is ‘n resep vir mieliepap wat julle by die huis of selfs by die skool kan maak. Die resep is genoeg vir vyf koppies mieliepap:

Bestanddele:

Een koppie mieliemeel

Vyf tot ses koppies water

‘n Knippie sout

Metode:

Kook die water en voeg die sout daarby.

Meng die graan (mieliemeel) met ‘n bietjie koue water.

Roer die meel in die kookwater en hou aan roer tot die pap begin dik word.

Roer die pap af en toe terwyl dit stadig kook. Jy kan ‘n bietjie water bygooi as dit te dik word.

Sit dit voor met melk en suiker of heuning na smaak.

Wenk:

Die water kan deur melk vervang word. Dit verhoog die voedingswaarde van die pap.

Aktiwiteit 2

Om ‘n “kookboks” te maak [lu1.1]

Maak ‘n “kookboks” (Eng. hotbox). Dit is ‘n slim manier om elektrisiteit te bespaar.

Benodighede:

‘n Stewige houer, bv. kartondoos.

Twee ou kussings.

‘n Ou kombers, koerante of stukke materiaal of sak.

‘n Kastrol wat ten minste een en ‘n half liter water kan hou. Dis belangrik dat die kastrol ‘n deksel het wat goed pas.

Bestanddele soos vir mieliepap.

Metode:

Verstewig en isoleer die kartondoos aan die buitekant met ‘n ou kombers, sak of koerantpapier.

Plaas een kussing onderin die doos en maak ‘n holte daarin.

Bring die mieliepap (soos op die vorige bladsy verduidelik) tot kookpunt op ‘n stoofplaat, primusstofie of vuurtjie.

Maak die kastrol dig toe met die deksel en plaas dit in die holte van die kussing in jou kookboks.

Sit die ander kussing bo-op die kastrol.

Plaas nog koerante bo-oor en vou dit in sodat die hitte nie ontsnap nie.

Vier ure later sal die pap gaar wees en net die regte hitte vir eet!

Jy kan ook stampmielies (Eng. samp), droë boontjies, lensies en ander graansoorte so gaarmaak. Onthou net om dit oornag te week voordat jy dit kook.

Het jy geweet dat ‘n mens ook pap só in ‘n warmwaterfles kan gaarmaak?

Aktiwiteit 3

Om ‘n spyskaart vir ‘n moedersdag-ontbyt te beplan[lu1.1]

Groepwerk

1. Gesels oor wat julle vir ontbyt eet. Maak voorstelle hoe julle dit kan verbeter.

2. Wat is vir julle die heel lekkerste ontbyt?

3. Maak ‘n tydskrifadvertensie vir jou gunsteling ontbytpap. Onthou, jou teikengroep is skoolgaande kinders.

4. Beplan ‘n televisie-advertensie vir ‘n nuwe graankos. Kyk of julle ook ‘n klingel (Eng. jingle), dit is ‘n kort liedjie, kan uitdink om die produk te adverteer.

5. Dis Moedersdag en julle moet ‘n verrassingsontbyt vir ‘n wonderlike ma uitdink.

Spyskaart vir Moedersdagontbyt:

Assessering

Evalueer die ander groepe se pap met ‘n gesiggie:

Samewerking swak redelik goed
Navolg van instruksies
Voltooiing van ‘n opdrag
Smaak van die pap

Vergelykende tabel vir gaarmaakmetodes van mieliepap.

Gaarmaak-Metode: Primusstoof Driepoot met vuurtjie Kookboks Warmwaterfles
Voorbereidings- tyd (bv. maak van die kookboks)
Gaarmaaktyd
Hoe lank bly dit warm?
Tongtippie- toets (Watter pap is die lekkerste?)

Aktiwiteit 4

Om ‘n advertensie-klingel (“jingle”) vir ontbytpap te komponeer [lu 1.1]

My assessering van die verskillende groepe se televisie-klingel (maak ‘n regmerk in die tabel wat jy dink die groep verdien):

Groep swak redelik goed

Assessering

LEERUITKOMS 1: GESONDHEIDSBEVORDERING

Die leerder is in staat om ingeligte besluite oor persoonlike, gemeenskaps-en omgewingsgesondheid te neem.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

1. 1 spyskaarte uit verskillende kulture ondersoek en planne vir gesonde maaltye voorstel.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Lewensorientering graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11095/1.1
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