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Aardrykskunde

Graad 4

Die plek waar ons woon

(nedersettingskenmerke)

Module 10

Verstedeliking en informele nedersettings

Verstedeliking

  • Toe Oupa en Ouma kinders was (rondom 1950), het ongeveer ses uit elke tien mense (60%) in landelike nedersettings gebly, terwyl die orige vier (40%) hoofsaaklik in stede gebly het. Vandag is die situasie omgekeerd. Ongeveer 60% van alle mense in Suid-Afrika woon vandag in stede, terwyl die orige 40% in landelike nedersettings bly.
  • Die mens se trek van landelike gebiede na stedelike gebiede word VERSTEDELIKING genoem.
  • Uit die syfers hierbo blyk dit dat groot hoeveelhede mense tussen 1950 en 2004 verstedelik het.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om redes vir verstedeliking te verskaf [lu 2.2]

Verskaf moontlike redes waarom die mense van landelike gebiede na stede trek

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Informele nedersettings

Wanneer groot groepe mense na stede trek om werk en heenkome te soek, gebeur dit dikwels dat daar nie vir almal werk of woonplek is nie. Dan kan ons sê die gebied is oorbevolk. (Meer mense as wat die gebied kan akkommodeer.) Hierdie mense maak dan dikwels van allerlei soorte materiale gebruik om vir hulle tydelik skuilings te bou om hulle teen gevaar, koue en reën te beskerm. Voorbeelde van sulke materiaal is sinkplate, karton, plastiek en hout. Sulke gebiede word informele nedersettings genoem.

Aktiwiteit 2

Om ‘n toneel van ‘n informele nedersetting uit te beeld en ‘n lys op te stel van dienste wat ontbreek [lu 3.1]

Maak ‘n eenvoudige skets van ‘n toneel uit ‘n informele nedersetting en stel ‘n lys van dienste/geriewe op wat nie algemeen beskikbaar is in hierdie gebiede nie.

Ontbrekende dienste/geriewe in informele nedersettings

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Inwoners van informele nedersettings ly dikwels groot skade en lewensverliese as gevolg van brande en oorstromings. Kyk of jy dalk ‘n koerantberig hieroor kan kry en deel dit met jou klasmaats.

Aktiwiteit 3

Om in groepe te bespreek wat gedoen kan word om sulke rampe te verhoed [lu 3.2, 3.3]

Maak ‘n lys van jul voorstelle hieronder.

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Assessering

Leeruitkoms 2: aardrykskundige kennis en begrip

Die leerder is in staat om aardrykskundige en omgewingskennis en -begrip te toon.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

2.2 die belangrikheid beskryf van toegang tot hulpbronne en dienste.

Leeruitkoms 3: verkenning van vraagstukke

Die leerder is in staat om ingeligte besluite oor sosiale en omgewings-vraagstukke en –probleme te neem.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

3.1 vraagstukke kan identifiseer wat met hulpbronne en dienste in spesifieke kontekste gepaardgaan;

3.2 faktore identifiseer wat veroorsaak dat sommige mense in ‘n spesifieke konteks groter toegang tot hulpbronne het as ander;

3.3 voorstelle maak oor hoe toegang tot hulpbronne in ‘n spesifieke konteks verbeter kan word.

Memorandum

Redes vir verstedeliking

  • Werk
  • Geriewe – dienste
  • Beter inkomste
  • Familie

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Oct 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11083/1.2
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