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Natural sciences

Grade 4

Planet earth and the universe

Module 48

Life at the north and south poles

Activity:

Talking about life in the polar regions

[lo 1.2]

Animal life at the north pole (the arctic)

Wolves, bears, squirrels and small birds live in the forests and in the summer the caribou, which is a sort of American reindeer, migrates to the north where it lives off wild plants.

Musk oxen live off the tundra throughout the year. They defend themselves from attacking wolves by standing in a tight circle.

In the winter most of the animals hibernate. Bears sleep in their lairs for most of the time and the squirrels curl up in their snug holes. They eat sufficient amounts of food in the summer to provide their bodies with energy through the winter.

Walruses also live here. They are family of the seals. They are mammals that are born live and drink from their mothers.

Polar bears are among the largest animals in the world. They have a thick, soft layer of hair against the skin and longer hair that forms a layer of fur over it.

Animal life at the south pole (antarctica):

The albatross is one of the largest of all the seabirds, and also lives at the South Pole. These birds fly over the sea looking for food in the water.

The largest animal in the world, the blue whale, lives in the waters of Antarctica. It grows to a length of 30 metres.

Very few types of animals live in Antarctica, but in the summer months seals and penguins go there to breed. The young are safe because there are relatively few predators to catch them.

Many different kinds of penguins live at the South Pole. The largest is the emperor penguin that can grow up to one metre in height. These birds cannot fly but they do swim very well.

How do people survive at the poles?

The Inuit people live in the Arctic region. They keep warm by wearing clothes made of animal skins. They live in small villages where it is necessary to melt ice to obtain water in winter.

They hunt to obtain food and live in ice huts called igloos. They build circles of ice blocks on top of each other, making the circles smaller and smaller until they form a dome. The spaces in between the blocks are filled with snow.

Another group of people, the Saami, lives in Lapland. They are well known for keeping reindeer for milk, meat and fur. They enjoy wearing traditional clothes when taking tourists for rides on snow sleds.

But these people work in factories nowadays and live in houses made from stone and wood. They wear modern clothes and ride around on snowmobiles.

Write a paragraph of 150 words on how animals have adapted to living in Polar Regions.

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1 : SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS The learner will be able to act confidently on curiosity about natural phenomena, and to investigate relationships and solve problems in scientific, technological and environmental contexts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

1.2 leads investigations and collects data.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
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Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
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Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
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Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
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Azam
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Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11096/1.1
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