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English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 46

To develop an own vocabulary

Activity 1:

To analyse the features of things in order to classify them [lo 5.2.3]

Let us look at some ‘fiery’ words! The following words could be used to describe fire or flames. Decide whether you think the words could be used when describing small, medium or large flames. Write the word in the correct column. If you are unsure about the meaning of a word, look it up in a dictionary.

destroy; glow; spark; devour; roar; flicker; splutter; blaze; spurt; lick; leap; spread; flare; crackle; flame; smoulder.


Can your group think of any other words that could be added to the columns? write them in the correct column.

Shakespeare was a writer who always used just the right word for the right occasion. You need to practise this skill. In English, there are many words to describe one thing, but they are used in different contexts.

From now onwards, try to use the right words all the time and try not to repeat the same word. In this way your vocabulary will grow. Then your language skills will grow and then your confidence will grow and then . . .

Look back at the original list of words. Arrange these words in alphabetical order:

Match words squirting from the fireman’s hose with the words below the picture to form descriptive word pictures.

sirens; steam; a twig; the wind; a door; flames; water; ashes; fires; coals

Educator’s Assessment Chart:

Criteria 1 2 3 4
Accuracy of answers Could not do Reasonable response Good Excellent
Correct arranging of words in alphabetical order Cannot do In some contexts only Good Excellent
Neatness Does not present neat work Presentation reasonable Good presentation Excellent presentation, great care taken


LO 5
THINKING AND REASONING The learner will be able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.
We know this when the learner:
5.1 uses language across the curriculum:
5.1.2 extracts information from materials used in History;
5.2 uses language for thinking:
5.2.1 answers and asks some more complex questions;
5.2.3 analyses the features of things in order to classify them;
5.2.6 expresses cause and effect;
5.2.7 discusses advantages and disadvantages and writes about them;
5.3 collects and records information in different ways:
5.3.1 carries out some simple research.


This activity focuses on developing vocabulary. The learners are given a list of words. They must decide whether the words best describe small, medium or large flames. Read through the words with class before they begin. Learners must look up words they do not understand in a dictionary. This activity could also be done in groups. This would give learners the opportunity to discuss the words and to decide together. Here is an example of how the table could be filled in. Learners may have a different opinion about the words.

Destroy flame Glow
Devour crackle Spark
Roar flare Flicker
Leap spurt Smoulder
Blaze lick Splutter

Learners are also encouraged to add some more words to the table. These words can be shared with the class so that everybody has the opportunity to fill their tables.

The next part of the activity tests the learners’ ability to arrange words in alphabetical order. Learners must refer back to the original list of words and arrange them in the table provided.

  1. blaze
  2. crackle
  3. destroy
  4. devour
  5. flame
  6. flare
  7. flicker
  8. glow
  9. leap
  10. lick
  11. roar
  12. smoulder
  13. spark
  14. splutter
  15. spread
  16. spurt

The last part of this activity requires the learners to match words to make descriptive word pictures. This is another section that could be done in groups or in partners.

  • Sirens wail
  • a twig snaps
  • a door slams
  • water splashes
  • fires crackle
  • steam hisses
  • the wind howls
  • flames leap
  • ashes smoulder
  • coals glow

Make use of the Educator’s assessment Chart to complete your assessment.

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
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