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Geography

Grade 5

Health and well-being

Module 33

Diseases: malaria, tuberculosis, cholera

We shall now take a look at a few serious diseases that are found all over the world. These terrible diseases are often the cause of many deaths.

Malaria

  • Origin and nature:Malaria is a disease that is found in the tropical and subtropical climactic zones (mostly in the northern parts of South Africa). It is caused by a tiny parasite that enters the bloodstream when one is bitten by a certain female mosquito. The parasite spends part of its life cycle in the human body. It multiplies rapidly. It attacks the red blood corpuscles and this makes one very weak indeed. It can also cause death. Many patients suffer from recurrent malaria attacks for years after the first attack.
  • Typical symptoms:
  • severe headaches;
  • bouts of shivering;
  • reddish-brown urine;
  • a high fever and heavy sweating.
  • Treatment:

The patient is taken to hospital immediately, and the area is very carefully inspected for more cases of the disease. If there are many other cases in the same area, one has to look for the mosquitoes’ breeding-place and once it has been found, it must be sprayed with insecticide. The patients’ homes are also fumigated.

  • Prevention:

Activity 1:

To find out more about preventative measures in the prevention of malaria

[lo 1.6]

Tuberculosis (TB)

  • Origin and nature: Tuberculosis (TB) is a very serious, contagious disease that occurs particularly in mines and in areas where people live very close together and where the standard of hygiene is low. It can also be connected to poverty, and it is much more prevalent where people who are vulnerable to this disease do not have enough money to buy sufficient nourishing food.

Are people in your immediate environment exposed to such hazards? Have a group discussion on this issue.

The human body weakens and becomes highly susceptible to diseases such as TB. Often many people from the same area have the same disease, and then we say there is an epidemic of that particular disease. TB germs can spread very swiftly. For example, if someone who is incubating the disease coughs near other people, he or she could infect them quite easily.

  • Typical symptoms:A TB patient:
  • coughs a lot;
  • often complains of a tight chest;
  • has a very poor appetite and eats very little;
  • regularly has a high temperature and perspires a lot at night;
  • loses a lot of weight;
  • has swollen glands.
  • Treatment:

TB patients take tablets as medication. The disease can be cured on condition that the patient takes the tablets regularly as prescribed and continues to do so even when the symptoms have already disappeared.

  • Prevention:

A healthy, nourishing daily diet and good sanitary habits are necessary. Babies should be vaccinated against TB so that their bodies can develop resistance to the disease.

Cholera

  • Origin and nature:This extremely serious disease usually occurs in hot, humid conditions, such as those that are found in the subtropical areas along the east coast of our country. It occurs in areas where there is no fresh running water, tap water or proper sewerage systems (in densely-populated areas and where there are poor sanitary conditions). In such an area human sewage often lands up in streams and dams, and causes contamination of the water.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
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