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English first additional language

Grade 6

Module 19

To use comparatives to communicate

Activity 1:

To use comparatives to communicate

[lo 6.2.4]

An idiom is an expression that we use in English. Each picture below depicts an idiom that we use that has something to do with an animal. Study the meanings below and write down the correct idiom.


  1. To feel out of place in a situation. (fish)
  2. To falsely show sadness. (tears)
  3. To count your profits before they have materialised. (chickens)
  4. To pretend to be upright and honest when you are not. (sheep)
  5. To tackle a problem head on. (bull)
  6. When someone is not affected at all by what you say. (duck's back)

Can you think of any idioms that you have heard, that we have not used?

Write your examples on the lines below. Ask your parents for help or look up some examples in books.

Well done. We are going to make it a little more challenging for you! On the lines below, write down five idioms that you have thought up that deal with animals.

Criteria 1 2 3 4
Accuracy Poor, too many errors Starting to understand Good, very few errors Excellent, correctly matched
Neatness Untidy Presentation inconsistent, greater care needed Good presentation Excellent presentation, great care taken
Originality of examples Missed the point Clichéd Fairly original Extremely original


LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.
We know this when the learner:
6.2 uses language forms and structures to communicate orally and in writing:
6.2.4 uses comparatives;
6.4 develops own vocabulary:
6.4.2 recognises words which sound the same but are spelled differently;
6.4.4 understands between 4 000 and 5 500 common spoken words in context by the end of grade 6.


This activity focuses on idioms. Learners must study the pictures in their workbooks very carefully and then write the correct idiom, using the clue given, under each picture. Before allowing the learners to complete this exercise, go through the clues with them. They may not have heard of the idiom that is being referred to in the clues. If you find that idioms are a very new concept to your learners, write the idioms on the board and allow them to match the correct idiom to the picture by choosing one of the options from the board.

In the next part of the activity, learners must try to think of idioms that make use of colour. They may work in groups, ask parents, look in books etc to find these examples. Should books not be available, or should they be finding it difficult to find examples, make use of the following list of idioms to help them.

  1. All that glistens is not gold.
  2. Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
  3. Beggars can’t be choosers.
  4. New brooms sweep clean.
  5. Once bitten, twice shy.
  6. Charity begins at home.
  7. Every cloud has a silver lining.
  8. Too many cooks spoil the broth.
  9. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
  10. More haste, less speed.

In the last part of the activity, learners are asked to be creative and to think of their own idioms that make use of animals as a theme. This is a challenging exercise and learners may want to work in partners or in groups. As an introduction to this part of the activity, go though some examples of animal idioms that already exist and discuss the meanings. The following are some examples that you may use:

  1. The early bird catches the worm.
  2. While the cat’s away the mouse will play.
  3. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
  4. Let sleeping dogs lie.
  5. The last straw that breaks the camel’s back.
  6. Give a dog a bad name and hang him.
  7. Every dog has its day.
  8. Care killed the cat.

Remind learners that they will be assessed on neatness and on the originality of their examples.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10998/1.1
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