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Economic and management sciences

Grade 9


Module 13

Develop a business plan and budget


To turn a business idea into a business plan

[lo 4.4]

Once the business idea has passed the viability test it must be developed into a business plan.

A business plan is a core document in terms of which a business is managed.

Business plans can be set out in a variety of ways. The following framework was based on a business plan of a company that has been using it for the past few years. It has been tested in practice.


1. Vision of the enterprise

The vision of an enterprise says in a few words how the enterprise would like to see itself now as well as in the medium to long term. It does not change much from one year to the next.


To be the leading supplier of garden services in the Ermelo urban area.

2. Mission

The mission briefly states how the enterprise will go about pursuing its vision. The mission is adapted according to the changes that take place both within and outside the enterprise, and can therefore change from one year to the next.


Gardens are kept weed-free and neat and the soil is cultivated to increase fertility.

3. Organogram

The organogram explains the structure of an organisation in terms of the functions and employees, and it indicates who reports to whom.

4. The market

4.1 Potential clients

It is important to give as much information as possible about potential clients. Market research is essential. It can be done by way of questionnaires, interviews and telephone calls, as well as by studying the newspapers and any documents that contain information about the community.

4.2 Competitors

It is essential to have information about competitors. There should be an indication of who the competitors are and what their strengths are, but more importantly what their weaknesses are, what people say about them, exactly what they sell and what their marketing strategies are.

5. Goals for the year in question (in this case 2004)

A business always sets specific goals that it wants to achieve in a particular year.


5.1 To be contracted by 200 home owners for the care of their gardens

5.2 To reach sales of R980 000,00

  • To achieve a profit equal to 20% of the sales

6. Steps in pursuing the goals in the particular year

For each of the goals there will be an indication of what is to be done to achieve the goal.


6.1 Goals 5.1 and 5.2 will be achieved by

tailoring the product or service to the needs of the clients,

pricing it right,

advertising in the newspaper,

making personal visits to all the homes in the area,

giving excellent service to existing clients so that they advertise the undertaking, and offering a 20% discount on the normal price.

6.2 Goal 5.3 will be achieved by

cutting out unnecessary expenses, etc.

A little more about marketing:

  • Pursuing business goals without effective marketing is not possible and therefore marketing should get a great deal of attention in this part of the business plan. It is often said that it is easier to sell a poor product if the marketing is good, than to sell a good product if the marketing is poor.
  • As far as the marketing of a business is concerned, two phases can be distinguished:

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11074/1.1
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