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Economic and management sciences

Grade 7

Economic policy direction (1910 – 1994)

Module 11

Overview of south africa’s economy (1910 – 1948)

After the end of the Second Boer War there were four independent provinces in South Africa: The Cape Colony, the two former Boer republics (Transvaal and the Orange Free State), and Natal. Each had its own parliament. In 1910 they were united to form the Union of South Africa.

We are going to study the development of South Africa’s economy according to a time-line. Explanatory notes will be provided throughout, to shed some light on the important moments in the development of the economy.

a) The regime of the two generals – Botha and Smuts 1910 to 1924

When the Union of South Africa was founded in 1910, the three important parties joined forces and established the South African National Party. Gen. Louis Botha was the prime minister. The opposition parties formed the Unionist Party. Both parties envisaged unity between white Afrikaans- and English-speaking people, establishing one South African nation.

Botha’s aim was to unite English- and Afrikaans-speakers. He made it his mission in life to bridge the gap between the two groups.

Hertzog fought for the interests of the Afrikaner.

The continuing friction between Botha and Herzog was the reason why Hertzog founded his own party, the Nationalist Party.

Any male citizen who was a British subject could vote if he:

  • Could write his name, address and occupation.
  • Earned more than ₤50 in wages per year, or resided on a property to the value of ₤75 or more.

These qualifications eliminated most black males, even if they inhabited traditional (ethnic) land.

Activity 1:

To establish what percentage of each population group made up the country’s total population

[lo 2.1]

In 1910 the population of the Union of South Africa comprised the following:

  • whites – 1 278 000
  • Coloureds – 517 000
  • blacks – 3 956 000
  • Asians – 148 000

What percentage did each population group make up of the total population? Write down the percentage next to each population group.

Activity 2:

To establish what percentage of men in each population group had the vote

[lo 2.1]

What percentage of men in each of the population groups had the vote? Write down the percentage next to each population group.

  • white males – 497 700
  • Coloured males – 46 200
  • black males – 76 000

c) Native Land Bill (Act on Possession of Land) 1913

The most important act passed during this time was the Naturellen Grond Wet which became of force in June 1913. This act allocated land to blacks in their own areas (reserves) and forbade the selling of white land to blacks, and black land to whites.

This act was the result of people’s fears and concerns about blacks who entered white areas. The large majority of these blacks were squatters who settled on private and state land.

This was the first act in the Union of South Africa that resulted in separate areas.

d) The founding of the ANC

The South African National Congress, later the African National Congress (ANC) insisted on the abolishment of this act. In February 1914 they sent a delegation to London, asking the British government to abolish this act, but without success, for the British government was not prepared to get involved in South African affairs.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
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Tamia
hii
Uday
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11025/1.1
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