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Technology

Grade 6

Baking

Module 1

Processing

PRIOR KN0WLEDGE

  1. This module involves the changes that one type of material or several types of material can undergo to form a new product. We call this PROCESSING. In this module we will look specifically at processing FOOD. A variety of ingredients are needed for the purpose.

Examples of processing

Ingredients used Processing New Product
sweet corn, cream, milk, flavourants add, simmer, stir soup
eggs, milk, flavourants, butter melt, beat, add omelette
eggs, sugar, butter, milk, flour, cocoa, salt, baking powder, essence beat, add, melt, sieve, fold in, add, mix, place in, bowl, turn out a chocolate sponge cake

Assignment

  1. COMPLETE ON YOUR OWN:
  1. Use any recipe book or a magazine with recipes. Select any recipe and completeyour own table:
  2. Write down all the equipment that you need to prepare your product:

Source of reference:

[LO 2.2]

Assignment

  1. Use any explanatory dictionary and write down the meaning of each of the following processes for preparing food:
  • blanch .
  • chop .
  • beat .
  • marinate .
  • decorate .

Source consulted: …………………..

Can you think of other processes? Write down as many as you can:

[LO 1.3]

  1. When we prepare food, we call the materials we use ingredients . These can be vegetable (from plants) or animal (from animals). Go home and open your mother’s food cupboard and fridge. Complete the following table by writing down at least five examples of each.
VEGETABLE INGREDIENTS ANIMAL INGREDIENTS
e.g. Flour Milk
  1. These ingredients must be stored in the most suitable packaging so that the food can retain its nutritional value for as long as possible, and does not dry out, become moist or start to smell bad .

[LO 1.2]

Link each type of food with the most suitable packaging to ensure the above:

TYPE OF FOOD PACKAGING
  1. Flour
Plastic bag
  1. Bread
Tin
  1. Milk
Polystyrenecontainer
  1. Butter
Airtight container
  1. Cannedsardines
Plastic bottle
  1. Gravy powder
Cardboard box
G Apples Plasticcontainer
H Canned peaches Paper bag
I Pizza Flat carton
Tin

[LO 2.2]

  1. MEASURING UNITS FOR INGREDIENTS

Assignment

In what unit would you measure the following ingredients and what equipment would you use? Circle the correct answer.

INGREDIENT UNIT EQUIPMENT
  1. milk
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale
  1. sugar
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale
  1. baking powder
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale
  1. butter
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale
  1. vanilla essence
mℓ, g measuring jug/scale

Conclusion:

Fluids are usually measured in a measuring jug. Solids are measured on a scale to determine the correct mass. Recipe books nowadays indicate all the ingredients in measure of capacity because it is quicker to use measuring jugs and spoons than weighing each ingredient on a scale.

Assessment

Learning Outcomes(LOs)

LO 1

TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLS

The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies

Assessment Standards(ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.2 finds out about existing products relevant to a problem, need or opportunity, and identifies and compares their design aspects (e.g. who it is for, what it is for, what it looks like, what it is made of, how well it works, whether it will affect the environment);

1.3 performs, where appropriate, scientific investigations about concepts relevant to a problem, need or opportunity using science process skills;

1.4 writes or communicates a design brief for the development of a product related to a given problem, need or opportunity that clarifies the technological purposes of the solution;

1.5 suggests and records at least two alternative solutions to the problem, need or opportunity that link clearly to the design brief and to given specifications and constraints (e.g. people, purpose, safety, environmental impact, appearance);

1.7 develops plans that detail the making steps, including drawings and sketches that help to clarify the plans;

1.8 chooses and uses suitable tools to make products by measuring, marking out, cutting or separating, shaping or forming, joining or combining, and finishing the chosen materials;

1.9 works efficiently and safely;

1.10 evaluates the product according to the design brief and given specifications and constraints (e.g. people, purpose, environmental impact, safety, appearance), and suggests improvements and modifications if necessary;

1.11 evaluates the plan of action followed and suggests improvements and modifications if necessary;

1.12 draws appropriate sketches (e.g. labelled two-dimensional drawings of ideas, enhanced drawings of final solutions and drawings showing measurements) to communicate different information appropriately and effectively.

LO 2

TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

The learner will be able to understand and apply relevant technological knowledge ethically and

We know this when the learner:

2.2 demonstrates knowledge and understanding of the reasons for the deterioration of different materials, and ways of preserving them (e.g. drying, coating, canning, sealing).

Memorandum

(b)

1. Learners’ own answers.

2. Own answers.

Vegetative Animal
rice, cocoa, spaghetti, fruit, bread, jam vegetables, cooking oil, sugar, etc. meat, eggs, butter, cream, cheese, yoghurt, fish, etc..
(d)

(e) (a) cardboard box

(b) airtight container

(c) plastic bottle

(d) plastic container

(e) tin

(f) plastic bag

(f) (1) ml measuring jug

(2) g measuring jug; scale

(3) ml/g measuring jug; measuring spoon

(4) g scale

(5) ml measuring jug; measuring spoon

Questions & Answers

An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
Moses Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Alexandra Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Shirleen Reply
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11005/1.1
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