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Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe

Graad 8

Die ekonomiese siklus

Module 1

Die historiese ontwikkeling van geld

DIE HISTORIESE ONTWIKKELING VAN GELD

  • BY VOLTOOIING VAN HIERDIE AFDELING SAL JY DIE HISTORIESE ONTWIKKELING VAN GELD EN DIE ROL WAT DIT IN GEMEENSKAPPE EN HUL EKONOMIEË SPEEL, KAN BESKRYF.

Die ekonomiese lewe van volkere toon duidelike fases van ontwikkeling, waarvan die SELFVOORSIENENDE STADIUM altyd die EERSTE ontwikkelingsfase verteenwoordig. Tydens die selfvoorsienend stadium is ‘n BESTAANSEKONOMIE, waar elke gesin / persoon slegs genoeg produseer om in sy eie behoeftes te voorsien, die kenmerkende eienskap. Die gesin / indiwidu het PRIMITIEWE LANDBOU beoefen waar slegs vir eie behoeftes geproduseer is. Gedurende die selfvoorsienend stadium van ekonomiese ontwikkeling was nóg ruilhandel, nóg ‘n ruilmiddel noodsaaklik, want daar is GEEN OORSKOT geproduseer nie. Die ekonomie / gesin het dus GEEN BEHOEFTE AAN ‘n ruilmiddel of GELD, soos ons dit ken, gehad nie.

Aktiwiteit 1

LU 1.1

BESTAANSEKONOMIE

Jul groep is die enigste oorlewende passasiers van ‘n vliegtuig wat iewers op ‘n verlate eiland neergestort het. Nadat julle jul bewussyn herwin het, vind julle uit dat die wrak van die vliegtuig in ‘n ontploffing na die ramp totaal verwoes is. Julle groepie is ongedeerd en moet nou staatmaak op jul eie vindingrykheid om aan die lewe te bly. Dit is ‘n klein eilandjie en die reënval is redelik hoog.

  • HOE SAL JULLE TE WERK GAAN OM IN JUL EIE BEHOEFTES TER WILLE VAN OORLEWING TE VOORSIEN? (Wenk: Begin deur te bepaal wat jul onmiddellike behoeftes sal wees). (Voorsien ‘n kort geskrewe voorlegging.)

Probeer nou om te identifiseer watter eienskappe aan so ‘n situasie van selfvoorsiening in ekonomiese verband gekoppel is.

Tydens die daaropvolgende fase van ekonomiese ontwikkeling, wat gekenmerk word deur SPESIALISASIE, SURPLUSSE EN RUIL, het gemeenskappe / gesinne sodanig geproduseer dat hulle hul oorskotproduksie kon verruil vir ander produkte waaraan hulle ‘n behoefte gehad het.

VOORBEELD:

  • Omdat Jan bedrewe was in die produksie van kledingstukke (wat uit die velle van diere gemaak is), kon hy hom daarop toespits (d.w.s. in die produksie daarvan SPESIALISEER) en sy oorskot (of SURPLUS) kledingstukke dan RUIL vir Piet se SURPLUS van meel en verwante koringprodukte. Op hierdie wyse het die eerste MARK ontstaan waar KOPERS en VERKOPERS mekaar “ontmoet” en hul SURPLUSSE uitgeruil het.

Aktiwiteit 2

LU 1.1

SPESIALISASIE

SELF:

Gebruik ‘n aantal velle harde papier of karton en ontwerp en bou ‘n huis volgens jou eie beplanning.

Aktiwiteit 3

LU 1.1

SPESIALISASIE EN ARBEIDSVERDELING

GROEP:

Gebruik ‘n aantal velle harde papier of karton en ontwerp en bou ‘n huis volgens jul eie beplanning. In hierdie geval moet die beplanning en bou van die verskillende komponente van die huis onder die lede van die groep verdeel word, byvoorbeeld een is verantwoordelik vir die dak, ‘n ander vir die mure, ‘n ander vir die raamwerk, ens. (Nota: Uiteindelik moet die verskillende dele saamgevoeg word om die geheel te vorm.)

Questions & Answers

how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
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Shanjida
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11039/1.1
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