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PACE, PAUSING and EMPHASIS

A too fast / too slow speech is uncomfortable.

EYE-CONTACT

Involve your audience. Speak to, not at them.

ENTHUSIASM CONVICTION SINCERITY

Believe in what you are saying. Instant impact results from ‘light’ in your voice (speaking as if you are excited).

STYLE

A warlike style, while impressive, is not tasteful. Do not be apologetic. Develop a personal style. Your appearance (clothes, make-up, hair, . . .) shows good or bad taste.

USE OF NOTES

Small notes (cards) are used; with notes written on one side only. Refer to them but DO NOT READ!

PREPARATION

Prepare. Practise. Know the development of your ideas and the opening and closing remarks well.

REGISTER

Show an awareness of your audience and situation.

MANNERISMS

Avoid these irritating habits. Notice them.

USE OF LANGUAGE

This conveys your maturity, knowledge, values and back

ground. Using swearing, rude words, and profanity is never clever. Simplicity is the key word. Avoid trying to be superior.

Activity 6:

The educator can evaluate the speech but perhaps it is better if a member of the class does the assessment, then the speaker and the assessor gain experience.

So, before starting individual speeches, let us examine . . .

the technique of evaluating

  • Learn to write down your evaluation or to keep a list ready
  1. Use the list of oratory manners.

2. Use your eyes and your ears.

3. Do not pass judgement. Be constructive.

4. Start with good points, suggest improvements for poorer points and end with a good point.

“I enjoyed . . .” OR “I think . . . was very good because . . .”

5. Give constructive advice; be helpful and friendly:

Avoid Rather start with
You should have . . . What could help is to . . .
You failed to . . . I suggest that you try to . . .
You didn’t . . . Perhaps you could try to . . .
You must not forget to . . .
What was awful was . . .

6 Give an overall assessment which is positive, LIKE THIS e.g.

The speaker is very confident. The speaker is good. The speaker will improve with practice.
The speaker uses excellent oratory techniques. The speaker uses a few oratory techniques The speaker needs to use oratory techniques more confidently.

Assessment

Learning outcomes(LOs)

LO 1 Listening

The learner will be able to listen for enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations.

Assessment standards(ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.5 identifies the speaker’s reasons for choosing particular words, phrases and sentences to influence the listener and explains their impact.

LO 2 Speaking

The learner will be able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.

We know this when the learner:

2.6 identifies and discusses the features which contribute to the success of own

LO 4 Writing

The learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

We know this when the learner:

4.4 uses the writing process collaboratively and independently to generate texts:

4.4.1 selects and explores topics through brainstorming, using mind maps and lists;

Memorandum

ACTIVITY 1:

  • In the next list, the PERCEPTIONS are ALL FALSE !

It is important that pupils realize / take in / become aware that ALL speakers have fears. Explain about TOP athletes at the Olympic Games who also make mistakes.

EVERYBODY makes mistakes BUT they learn from them and carry on!

Deal with each one and explain how WRONG the PERCEPTIONS are. So they need not fear.

ACTIVITY 2:

  • Illustration of HOW SOUND IS MADE .

The importance of this illustration is to show that as all the learners have all their faculties and physical qualities necessary for speech, there is NO reason why they cannot speak properly. If a learner has a cleft palate then (s)he has a reason for making a different sound.

It is also important that learners realize that this is partly Biology!

ACTIVITY 3:

  • FUN WITH SOUNDS can be VERY NOISY.

However, the important lesson is for them to open up to good enunciation and audibility and for them to realize that EVERY learner can be a public-speaker. It has more to do with SOUND than CONFIDENCE. Most pupils just need to learn to OPEN their mouths properly.

ACTIVITY 4: Class discussion about the gift of speech

Perhaps let the conversation come around to some of the following issues: We are the only animals that use words to communicate; words have impact; words can wound or inspire; . . .

ACTIVITY 5: Ways of teaching oratory manners:

Let each pupil take a separate item. Let each do an activity wrongly and ask the class to identify what is wrong. When they do, ask them for the correct method. Then consolidate at the end. Explain that these “rules” should always be considered in spoken language.

ACTIVITY 6: The technique of evaluating

Go over the positive aspects of this technique and encourage its use in oral exercises.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11041/1.1
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