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Geskiedenis

Graad 4

Hoe vervoer die mensdom gedien het

Module 10

Padvervoer en die vroeë ontwikkeling daarvan

Hierdie module vertel die ongelooflike verhaal van die ontwikkeling van padvervoer in die geskiedenis.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om kronologie in tyd te verstaan [lu 3.3]

A)werk in pare en kyk of jy die illustrasies van voertuie deur die eeue in die regte kronologiese volgorde kan rangskik.

1

2

3

4

5

B)watter ooreenkomste en verskille is daar tussen die pragtige formule een-renmotor en die eerste motor wat ratte gehad het?

Eerste motor met ratte

Formule Een-renmotor

Ons sal later nog oefeninge oor tyd doen.

Aktiwiteit 2

Om jou bronne te gebruik [lu 1.2]

Baie jare gelede het die San, die Khoina en die swart mense in ons land geleef.

Die San het gestap om water in die hande te kry, plante te soek om te eet en diere om te jag. Daarom het hulle meestal al hulle besittings saamgedra.

Die Khoina en die swart mense het vee aangehou. Partykeer het hulle vee as vervoermiddels gebruik. Hulle het ook met hulle vee handel gedryf.

Ondersoek meegaande sketse en maak aantekeninge vir jul klasgesprek oor hoe hierdie drie groepe bygedra het om vervoer te vergemaklik.

c)1. Benoem die soorte vervoer in prente (a), (b) en (c). Dink aan ‘n byskrif vir elke prent.

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

2. Wat dra of vervoer die mense in elke prent?

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

3. Hoe dink jy sou elkeen van hierdie groepe ‘n rivier oorsteek?

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

4. Wie kan:

  • die meeste goed en ......................................................................
  • die minste goed op een dag vervoer?...........................................

5. Waarvan is die vervoermiddel in prent (c) gemaak?....................................

6. Watter van hierdie soorte vervoer word vandag nog gebruik?.......................

......................................................................................................................

Aktiwiteit 3

Om die verlede te herskep [lu 3.3]

Later het die Nederlanders na ons land toe gekom en heeltemal ander maniere van vervoer saamgebring. In daardie tyd was perde, karre, waens en slawe in die dorpe ‘n algemene gesig. Die veeboere het ook ossewaens gebruik.

D)ondersoek ouma se skets en groepsverband en beantwoord daarna die vrae wat volg:

Die plein op Mooimeisiesfontein teen die jaar 1800.

  1. Watter oorsake en gevolge het die uitvinding van die wiel gehad?
  2. Hoeveel soorte vervoer is daar in die prent?
  3. Watter soorte vervoer word vandag nog in jou dorp gebruik?
  4. Hoekom loop party mense in die prent dan?
  5. Hoekom dra die slaaf die goedere aan ‘n paal oor sy skouer?
  6. Wat sien jy raak by die draagstoel se venster? Hoekom is dit so ontwerp?
  7. Hoe het ons die handkar en kruiwa vir hedendaagse gebruik aangepas? k. . . . .a
  8. Waarom is die waens se wiele so groot?
  9. Wat is die grootste verskil tussen die twee soorte ossewaens?
  10. Kan jy sien hoe Ouma met vandag en die verlede deurmekaar geraak het?
  11. Watter soorte vervoer sou jy verkies het om te gebruik?

Assessering

Leeruitkoms 1: geskiedkundige ondersoek

Die leerder is in staat om ondersoekvaardighede te gebruik om die verlede en die hede te ondersoek.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

1.2 vrae beantwoord: inligting uit bronne gebruik om vrae te beantwoord.

Leeruitkoms 3: historiese interpretasie

Die leerder is in staat om aspekte van geskiedenis te interpreteer.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

3.3 Rekonstrueer verlede: kan skryf, teken of vertel oor die gevoel i.v.m. historiese verhale wat hulle gehoor het.

Memorandum

  1. 5 3 2 1 4

b) Ooreenkomste: ry op wiele

het bestuurder nodig, ens.

Verskille: vaartbelyning, spoed, krag, aandrywing, ens.

c) 1. os/bees stap/dra slee van hout

2. Eie antwoorde

Eie antwoorde

  • Meeste: c Minste: b

5. Hout

6. Waarskynlik al drie

d) 1. Oorsake: spoed, gemak

Gevolge: busse, motors, fietse, rolskaatse, ratte, beroepe, paaie, ens.

2. 10 (Ossewa, kapkar, fiets, motor, ryperd, perdekar, draagstoel, draer, koets, stootkar).

3. Eie antwoorde.

  1. Eie antwoorde.
  2. Beter gebalanseerd as wanneer dit met die hand gedra word.
  3. Gordyn – kan oopmaak (meer privaat, veral vir ?)
  4. Hedendaagse kruiwa.
  5. Vinniger in beweging te kom.
  6. Een het tent, ander is oop.
  7. Ja, motor en fiets pas nie.
  8. Eie antwoorde.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11090/1.1
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