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Reasons for the fragility of our ecosystem What you could do to make our ecosystem more sustainable

2. Structural deficits

a) Give FIVE reasons why it was impossible for black people in the homelands to make a success of farming. (Remember that “structural deficits” are related to weak places in the system.)

3. Demand-driven deficits :

a) Explain in your own words what “demand-driven deficits” mean.

b) Draw two conclusions from each of Tables 4 and 5.

4. Availability-driven deficits:

a) Explain what “availability-driven deficits” signify.

b) How does deforestation contribute to availability-driven shortages?

5. Draw up a summary of the reasons why urbanisation took place so rapidly in recent times in South Africa.

Activity 2:

To answer questions about environmental pollution

[lo 2.2]

With a partner:

Study the following table and then answer the questions that follow:

Problem Impact Area
Soil compaction 2 million hectare Highveld – maize
Salinisation 1,2 million hectare Irrigated soil
Pollution 31 000 hectare Industrial / Domestic

1. Which of the problems in the above table affect the largest area?

2. Where does the problem of salinisation occur most generally?

3. What are we able to do in our homes to minimise or prevent the effects of pollution on agricultural land?


Learning outcomes(LO)

LO 1

GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH The learner can apply research skills to study geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

Assessment standards(AS)

This is clear when the learner:

1.3 analyses and makes inferences from sources such as photo’s, maps, atlases, graphs and statistics [working with sources];

1.5 recognises information in the field and records it [working with sources].

LO 2

GEOGRAPHICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING The learner can demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

This is clear when the learner:

2.2 identifies ways in which Science and Technology have a positive and a negative influence on development [people and resources].



a) Low rainfall: Plant crops that adapt to rainfall figures

  • Water shortage: Build catchment dams and water restrictions
  • High population growth: Education
  • Deforestation as a result of

Development: Plant natural forests

  • Subsistence farmers - causes

erosion: Scientific farming methods

2. a) - Not sufficient access to fertile soil

  • Soil of inferior quality
  • Not sufficient funds to purchase seed, implements and fertiliser
  • Traditional farming
  • No market for produce

3. a) Shortages that occur as a result of population growth. An expanding population demands more land, more food, etc. A larger demand for basic resources arises due to a growing population.

b) TABLE 4:

1) Urban areas grow more rapidly (3%) than rural areas in KwaZulu-Natal.

2) Informal settlements grow more rapidly (4%) than rural settlements in KwaZulu-Natal.


1) Approximately half of the urban dwellers in KwaZulu-Natal live in informal settlements.

Urban settlements accommodate most people (54,6%) in KwaZulu-Natal.

4. a) Shortages that arise as a result of the over-utilisation of particular resources precisely because these resources are available.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11057/1.1
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