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This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and endorsed by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this module is published in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation , Volume 5, Number 1 (January – March 2010). Formatted and edited in Connexions by Julia Stanka, Texas A&M University.

Immigration in the united states and spain: consideration for educational leaders

Acknowledgments

This book was germinated a result of a recent academic symposium in Spain. At that time, the editors reflected on how wonderful it would be to disseminate the most critical components affecting immigration in the world today via print form. The first great effort was a book printed in Spanish with Toma Calvo Buezas as the editor. The editors of this current book worked with several of the symposium presenters to develop a book in English that would be of interest to not only leaders, educators, and/or academicians, but also to a broader readership.

It is important for us to bring this text to the public in an open access format. Knowledge is to be shared for the generation of thought and action, and we believe that it can be shared in a free market and open access. Without that, knowledge is limited to only those who can afford the printed text. The Rice University Connexions Project and the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) have worked together to provide such access in an online venue. We first acknowledge the work that these two entities have done to open the knowledge base to the world. The people behind this work who introduced us to Connexions are Rich Baraniuk from Rice University and Theodore (Ted) Creighton from Virginia Tech (when we were first introduced to this concept, Ted was at Sam Houston State University and was Executive Director of the NCPEA). We thank you guys for this tremendously genius vision.

We acknowledge all the people who have helped us get this book finalized and placed in Connexions. In particular, we thank Jane Xhang, Graduate Assistant, Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling in the College of Education at Sam Houston State University, for her help in putting together the papers in the initial phases. We appreciate the assistance of Adriana Morales, Bilingual Programs Assistant in the Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education and Human Development at Texas A&M University for helping with translations or communication with the authors. Finally, we are indebted to Julia Stanka, Research Associate in the Bilingual Programs at Texas A&M University. Julia actually served in the capacity of an assistant editor for this book, and was the architect of the chapter designs in NCPEA Connexions. She spent countless hours helping us bring this book to fruition; it was our pleasure to work with her on this project.

We thank the authors and their valuable insights on international immigration issues. Their scholarly opinions and work are expressed openly herein, and each has provided the rich reading content in their respective chapters. Finally, we acknowledge the readers of the book and hope that within this text, they will find intellectual stimulation and a challenge to action related to immigrant issues around the world.

Editors

Rafael Lara-Alecio

Beverly J. Irby

Tomás Calvo-Buezas

Tito Guerrero

Preface

Tomás Calvo-Buezas

Part one: hispanics in the unites states, immigrants in spain

Dr. rogelio saenz&Carlos siordia

The changing demography of Latino immigrants in the United States: From 1980 to Present

Dr. nicolás bajo santos

Strategies and processes of adaptation in immigration

Dr. héctor luis díaz

The socio-economic development of Hispanics in the United States: In search of a theory.

Dr. tomás calvo buezas

The emigration of foreign workers to Spain: A new and relevant phenomenon in the history of Spain

Ildefonso gutiérrez azopardo

A reflection: The other faces of immigration

Dr. beverly j. irby and dr. rafael lara-alecio

Upon the schoolhouse steps: Immigration and education

Part two:education for immigrant children

Kelly chaudry

Bilingual Education: Past, present, future

Secundino valladares

Diglossia, assimilation, and bilingualism among the Hispanics of the United States

María antonia casanova

Education of migrant students in the community of Madrid

Dr. isabel gentil garcía

Immigrants in a municipality near Madrid: Teaching Spanish and Health Education

Juan josé jiménez garcía

My experience as a professor in an Institute with immigrants in Extremadura

Dr. josé luis calvo buezas

Knowledge of the language, the learning, and the intercultural coexistence

Part three: the political struggle of hispanics in the united states

Dr. josé ángel gutiérrez

The Chicano movement: dead or alive?

Dr. orlando rodriguez

The criminal justice system as an assimilation milieu for the Hispanic immigrant

Dr. alejandro del carmen

The threat of terrorism in the United States: The emotional answer of a nation in war

Dr. roberto r. treviño

Racial attitudes and religious social work: The Texas-Mexican and the U.S. Catholic Church.

Father josé gil marqués

A reflection: Function of the religiousness in the Hispanic community in the U.S. and its comparison with Spain

Part four: social, cultural, and religions issue

Dr. domingo barbolla camarero

Faith as an instrument of integration in Islamic immigrants: The case of Extremadura (Spain), a new civilization

Dr. carlos junquera rubio

Immigration and religion: Rituals alive today in Peru and Spain

Dr. carlota solé and dr. sonia parella

Non-communitarian immigrant women in the work market in Spain

Dr. juan luis recio adrados

AIDS prevention among Latino teens: The role of family acculturation

Dr. juan josé garcía

A reflection on the expansion of mass media in Spanish in the United States: The success story of La Opinión of Los Angeles

Dr. tito guerrero iii

The Changing Hispanic/Latino Population in Texas and the United States

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Immigration in the united states and spain: consideration for educational leaders. OpenStax CNX. Dec 20, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11150/1.1
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