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[lo 1.1; lo 1.3; lo 3.1]

Write a report (three A4 sheets) on Isaac Newton and on his contribution to science. Also refer to the saying 'The apple never falls far from the tree'. Include your report in the module as extra pages following this one.

Assessment of RESEARCH

Were you able to find out who Isaac Newton was and do you understand his contribution to science?

[LO 1.1; LO 1.3; LO 3.1]


Describing the relationship between mass, weight and force

[lo 2.3; lo 2.4]

The earth attracts all objects that are in its proximity.

  • We know the following:
  • all objects have mass and all masses exert tractive force (pull); this mostly is not observable;
  • the greater the masses, the greater the tractive force; as the earth is large, we only observe tractive force in one direction (i.e. as the earth attracting our bodies);
  • the closer the proximity between masses, the greater the tractive force between them.
  • The mass of an object serves as an indication of the amount of matter and this is measured in
  • The weight of an object signifies the amount of tractive force (pull) that the earth exerts on the particular object.
  • The tractive force which attracts objects to the earth is known as gravitation .
  • The unit for measuring force is NEWTON (N).

The weight of an object that has a mass of 100 g is 1 N

  • This is roughly equal to the weight of a small banana or a small apple.


1. ONE kilogram has a weight of .........................N.

2. Your mass will remain the same, no matter where you may be in the universe, but your weight will vary. Explain this. ( Refer to the module dealing with space programmes.)

3. What is your mass?..................................................

4. What is your weight?..................................................

5. What would your weight be on the moon where the tractive force is 0,6 N?

6. FORCE and WEIGHT are both measured in NEWTON. Explain this.

7. You are able to observe the effect exerted on an object by the force of attraction if you lift it up by means of an elastic band. This demonstrates the principle behind the SPRING BALANCE.

8. Describe the difference between a spring balance and a bathroom scale.

[LO 2.1; LO 2.3; LO 2.4]


Measuring force (weight) with a spring balance

[lo 1.2; lo 2.4]

Measure the weight of a number of objects with the help of a calibrated spring balance.

  • First measure the weight after suspending the object from the spring balance by means of a length of string.
  • Then place the object on the floor and pull it along to get a reading. Note down both readings.
  • Repeat each operation three times for each object.

Assessment of the ability to measure weight/force by means of a spring balance

[LO 1.2]


1. What is inside the spring balance to make it possible to take a measurement?

2. Why do the two readings differ?

3. What is the meaning of calibrated ?

4. What would the weight of a 2,5-kg bag of sugar be?

5. What is the purpose of the adjustment for zero on the spring balance?

6. Identify the forces that are present.

7. Distinguish between weight and mass.

Questions & Answers

what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
how did I we'll learn this
Noor Reply
f(x)= 2|x+5| find f(-6)
Prince Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11069/1.1
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