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Practical professional learning is the sixth element. Our faculty and students seek to know the theoretical knowledge. But we also want the practical experience and knowledge that makes connections with real life. We strive to balance theory and practice. Theory informs practice and practice informs theory.

The last element of professional learning is being results-oriented. We want our professors to be excellent teachers. We also want student learning to increase. Hence, we have a concern for quality control such as the Quality Assurance Committee of the College of Graduate and Innovative Programs which oversees areas such as course gap analysis, CAFÉ, and peer review recommendations. Since efforts have been put into improving the quality of teaching, content, skills and learning, the student evaluations have resulted in higher ratings for our courses and faculty members.

In addressing the seven protocols for adult learners and professional development, we believe that there is always room for improvement. We are not satisfied with what we have done. We know we can do better. This leads us to go further.

Lens three: models of teacher development

Sergiovanni (2005) in his Models of Teacher Development provides us with a useful framework to examine four years of the CAFÉ experience. The three models as described in Table 2 include: in-service training, professional development and renewal. Through CAFÉ the three models as seen in Figure 1 can be described as: information, formation, and transformation.

Models of Teacher Development
  In-service Training Professional Development Renewal
Assumptions Knowledge stands above the teacher. The teacher stands above the knowledge. Knowledge is in the teacher.  
  Knowledge is, therefore, instrumental. It tells the teacher what to do. Knowledge is, therefore, conceptual. It informs the teacher’s decisions. Knowledge is, therefore, personal. It connects teachers to themselves and others.  
  Teaching is a job and teachers are technicians. Teaching is a profession and teachers are experts. Teaching is a calling and teachers are servants.  
  Mastery of skills is important. Development of expertise is important. Development of personal and professional self is important.  
Roles Teacher is consumer of knowledge Teacher is constructor of knowledge Teacher is internalizer of knowledge.  
  Principal is an expert. Principal is a colleague. Principal is a friend.    
Practices Emphasize technical competence. Emphasize clinical competence. Emphasize personal and critical competencies.  
  Build individual teacher’s skills. Build professional community. Build caring community.  
  Through training and practice. Through problem solving and inquiry. Through reflection and reevaluation.  
  By planning and delivering training. By emphasizing inquiry, problem solving, and research. By encouraging reflection, conversation, and discourse.

Source:  Thomas J. Sergiovanni, The Principalship: A Reflective Practice Perspective, 5 th Ed. Boston, MA. Allyn&Bacon. Copyright ©2005 by Pearson Education.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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