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Social sciences


Grade 8

Land and power

Module 2

The historian and sources

Source A is a good example of a newspaper article that is compiled from different sources. Not only are the opinions of the two opposing parties quoted directly, but background is also provided: e.g. letters from Cosatu, as well as mention of the mediation by the minister of labour and the numbers of workers that did not go on strike. The reader is able to sort out the facts and form an own opinion .

The letters to which the article refers are the primary sources , because, just like an eyewitness report, they provide first-hand information and were recorded at the same time as the events that took place. A secondary source is based on information that comes from primary sources and can even provide a new perspective on things that happened centuries after the events took place. A fact (unchangeable and provable) differs from an opinion , which can be a conclusion that is not necessarily supported by the facts.

Propaganda is based on facts that are taken out of context, suppressed or distorted to proclaim a specific standpoint. Prejudice/bias does not maintain a balance between the two sides of an issue and partiality is usually based on strong emotions and often excludes reasonableness and balance.

Because the historian has to evaluate different sources in his search for facts, he has to compare the different sources. He looks for sources that agree so that facts that differ can be examined. This means that the historian must read and listen carefully, so that he can take propaganda, prejudice and partiality in any source into account.

Activity 1: group discussion [lo 3.3, 3.7]

Discussion questions :

1. When can we say that someone is telling a lie?

2. Should you tell your friend that she is wearing an ugly jersey, that you do not like it?

3. Are you stealing if you quickly copy your friend’s work if you have forgotten to do your homework?

Assess yourself in terms of the following :

Source a: assessment of application of concepts to source a

  • Once again, read paragraph three of Source A, which contains the words of advocate Etienne Vermaak.

What follows are quotations from Source A that you need to evaluate.

  • Read the quotation. Underline one of the words between brackets that you believe is best suited to the quotation and then give a reason for your choice.

1 (a) “We stick to the offer of 8% and the minimum wage of R1 900 per month.”

(Fact / Opinion) /3/

(b) “The strike might still last a while__________________________________”

(Fact / Opinion) /3/

2. Samwa’s statement is given in paragraph 5. Read it again.

(a) Now underline the word between brackets that best suits the statement and motivate your answer, as in number 1.

(Prejudice / Partiality) /3/

(b) The following people acknowledge that their actions display partiality:

Aunt Sally’s naughty son John is always good, she says. Pasqual’s mother always makes the most wonderful food. Thembo’s dog is the best in the whole of Africa.

Be honest and write down an issue / person about which you are partial./1/

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
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what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11044/1.1
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