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History

Grade 4

How transport has served mankind

Module 10

Road transport and its early development

This learning unit tells the incredible history of the development of road transport.

Activity 1

To understand chronological time [lo 3.3]

A)work with a partner to see whether you are able to arrange the illustrations of vehicles used through the ages in their correct chronological sequence.

1

2

3

4

5

B)which similarities and differences do you notice when you compare the remarkable formula one racing car and the first car that had gears?

First motorcar with gears

Formula One racing car

We'll be doing more exercises that involve time later in the module.

Activity 2

To use your sources [lo 1.2]

The San, Khoina and Bantu-speaking peoples lived in our country many years ago.

The San walked to find water for drinking, plants for eating and animals to hunt. They therefore usually carried their possessions with them.

The Khoina and the Bantu-speaking peoples kept cattle. Sometimes they used the animals for transportation. They also used the cattle for trading.

Investigate these groups and write notes for a class discussion on how they contributed to making transport easier.

c)1. Name the different kinds of transportation shown in (a), (b) and (c). Decide on a caption for each picture.

………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………….

2. What is carried or transported by the people in each of the pictures?

…………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………

3. How do you think each of these groups would cross a river?

…………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………

4. Who is able to transport:

  • more goods during a single day?……………………………………….
  • fewer goods during a single day?………………………………………

5. What was used to make the means of transport that is illustrated in (c)?

.………………………………………………………………………………….

6. Which of these means of transport are still in use?……………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………..

Activity 3

To recreate the past [lo 3.3]

People from the Netherlands who came to our country later brought very different means of transport with them. Horses, carts, wagons and slaves were common in the villages of the time. Cattle farmers in particular also used ox wagons.

D)examine this sketch drawn by granny as a group and answer the questions that follow:

The town square in Dogsville towards 1800.

  1. What led to the invention of the wheel and what were the results of this invention?
  2. How many means of transportation can you identify in this picture?
  3. Which of these kinds of transport are in use in your town?
  4. So why are some of the people in the picture walking?
  5. Why is the slave carrying goods from a pole balanced across his shoulders?
  6. What do you notice concerning the window of the sedan chair? What is the reason behind this design?
  7. How have we adapted the handcart and wheelbarrow for contemporary use?
  8. Why do the wagons have such large wheels?
  9. What is the most prominent difference between the two kinds of ox wagon?
  10. Can you see how Granny has confused the present and the past?
  11. Which means of transport would you prefer to use?

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.2 answers questions: uses information from sources to answer questions.

Learning outcome 3: interpreting history

The learner will be able to interpret aspects of history.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • reconstructs the past: able to write, draw and present a narrative about the historical stories that they have heard.

Memorandum

  1. 5 3 2 1 4
  2. Similarities: has wheels.

needs a driver, etc.

Differences: streamlining, speed, power, etc.

c) 1. ox walk/carry sleigh of branches

2. Own answers.

3. Own answers.

4. Most: c Least: b

5. Wood.

6. Probably all three.

d) 1. Causes: comfort, speed.

Results: Buses, cars, bicycles, roller skates, gears, occupations, roads, etc.

  1. 10 (Ox-wagon, hooded cart, bicycle, motor car, horse, horse-cart, sedan chair, bearers, coach, pushcart).
  2. Own answers.
  3. Own answers.
  4. Balance better than when carried by hand.
  5. Curtain – could be opened (more privacy, especially for ?
  6. Wheelbarrow.
  7. Get into motion faster.
  8. One has a canopy, the other is open.
  9. Motorcar and bicycle do not fit.
  10. Own answers.

.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
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salma
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virgelyn Reply
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Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
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ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
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ninjadapaul
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ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
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Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
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ninjadapaul
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ninjadapaul
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salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
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Sherica
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Sherica
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Tamia
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Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
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a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
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Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
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No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
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how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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China
Cied
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abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
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Porter
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Yasmin
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Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
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AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
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Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
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Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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