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Moral and ethical decision making needs to be a part of the preparation of future principals because of the critical role that they play in their schools and communities. Using the students electronic portfolio system, Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) Standard 5 and advanced programs in Educational Leadership Disposition Index item 17 both pertaining to ethics and ethical decision making, a pre/post comparison study of student growth was conducted. The research determined that the growth across both areas were statistically significant. Additionally, there was a significant main effect for time, test, and interaction between time and test.

Ncpea education leadership review: portland conference special edition, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011)

This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and endorsed by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this module is published in the Education Leadership Review: Special Portland Conference Issue (October 2011) , ISSN 1532-0723. Formatted and edited in Connexions by Theodore Creighton and Brad Bizzell, Virginia Tech and Janet Tareilo, Stephen F. Austin State University.


Moral and ethical leadership has evolved over the years, and while early standards were often religious in nature, many standards remain. Every year principals are terminated for immoral activities, failure to assume leadership obligations, or breaches of ethics. Because of the critical role that principals play in school and community leadership, preparation programs should teach and assess principal candidates’ dispositions such as fairness and integrity. This paper is an analysis of educational administration student growth using an electronic portfolio system to measure self-perceptions of readiness to implement the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) Standards and self-perceptions of dispositions of effective leadership identified by the Standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership (Schulte&Kowal, 2005). The Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) standard five states, “An education leader promotes the success of every student by acting with integrity, fairness, and in an ethical manner” (ISSLC, p. 15). Data is collected at the beginning and end of the program that measures growth of the student in two areas. 1. The growth in their self-perceived readiness to implement the ISLLC standards and; 2. A measurement of student self-perceptions of growth using the Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership disposition index. In the pages that follow there will be an examination of self-perceived growth of the ISLLC standards and self-perceived growth of their dispositions, and secondly an examination of the difference in the growth rate of standards compared to dispositions.

Standards and dispositions

Dispositions create the foundation of what a future principal can bring to the critical work of the educational leader. Dispositions, “the values, commitments, and professional ethics that influence behavior” (NCATE 2002, P. 53), can be more difficult to teach and assess than knowledge or skills (Edick, Danielson,&Edwards, 2005; Edwards&Edick, 2006). The development of positive dispositions must be a critical component of an educational leadership preparation program. School leaders who have not developed positive dispositions have trouble being leaders of effective schools. (Davis, 1998; Hallinger&Heck, 1996; Heifetz, 2006).

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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