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“Innovation resides at the intersection of invention and insight leading to the creation of social and economic value” Nick Donofrio, IBM Executive VP, Innovation and Differentiation.

Innovation and differentiation, Nick Donofrio, IBM (2008).

While the above provides the ethos and modus operandi of sustainable innovation, its components can be considered as being People, Culture, Economics, Governance, and Science. These are used as the organising principles for the UK governments Sustainable Development Strategy – Securing the Future (DEFRA, 2005). Considering each of these in turn in the context of a Sustainable Regional Innovation System.

People

Providing the talent to generate harness and exploit new knowledge and opportunities is critical for the success of a region. The correlation between regional economic performance and the quality of human capital has been clearly demonstrated in numerous studies. (ONS 2004, Work Foundation 2006) The mobility of talent between regions is a key feature in the European Union’s Knowledge Economy Strategy and is underpinned by actions ranging from ERASMUS through to FP7: People. In addition it must be stressed that human capital perspective is equally important with regard to the commercial and entrepreneurial perspectives, as it is to the scientific. It could be argued strongly that this is where the Universities have a major role to play. Do regional education programmes deliver the training that the knowledge economy needs? Is there sufficient business skills development in all undergraduate programmes? Are there policy instruments in place, particularly in the HE system to encourage entrepreneurial activity? Many observers fear that the answer to these questions is a very firm NO but that subject is another matter for discussion. A major US think tank Faster Cures in a recent publication entitled ‘The Critical Need for Innovative Approaches to Disease Research’ (April 2010) observed that a critical issue affecting progress in the traditional academic research system was:

Infrastructure

  • Institution stakeholders’ resistance to changing infrastructure and rewards systems in areas such as publication, tenure, and intellectual property to promote collaboration and innovation.
  • Lack of institutional communication and data exchange between basic and clinical researchers.
  • Inadequate opportunities for cross-disciplinary training and practice (Michael Milken, 2010).

Whatever the situation, for reasons already argued is critical. Other regions have identified the nanotechnology field as the ’next big thing’

Culture

The transition from closed to open innovation paradigms is a prime example of the need for cultural change within organisations and amongst individuals in order to harness the opportunities of collaborative, open and multidisciplinary working. Activities such as KTN and KTP aim to support development of such a culture within and between academic and industrial sectors. Building upon the people component as described above the culture of successful regional clusters supports “serial entrepreneurs and innovators”, retaining their talents and supporting the transfer of their skills to and development in to in others.

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how to synthesize TiO2 nanoparticles by chemical methods
Zubear
what's the program
Jordan
?
Jordan
what chemical
Jordan
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A study of how a region can lever participation in a global network to accelerate the development of a sustainable technology cluster. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11417/1.2
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