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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

The story of your province

Module 3

The past of your province: maps

HOW MAPS CAN HELP YOU TO HAVE A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE PAST OF YOUR PROVINCE

Activity 1:

How to use a map

[lo 1.2]

(a) One day you come across this map of the South Western Cape in a museum. The curator later asks you to help add the following five pieces of information to the map:

SELECT THE APPROPRIATE SKETCH AND DRAW IT ON THE MAP IN THE APPROPRIATE FRAME.

(b) Which events probably took place if the following objects were found during excavations in a cave near Saldanha Bay?

Scrapers, Pots, Wooden implements, Bone-points, Stones with holes

(c) Aha, the dining utensils!

Make a list with five instructions how you would eat with your stone cutlery...

Farmers of the iron-age

The following maps indicate the extent to which Iron-age farmers entered South Africa by A.D. 200 (approximately the same time as the Khoina). They were mainly farmers and already used iron tools. They preferred the eastern parts of the country because the c _________was favourable for crops and the ________l was fertile. Black agriculturalists mostly farmed with sheep and goats, and ploughed the land. On the side they hunted and gathered. Farming was hard work. They therefore trekked around less and settled in particular areas. Bushy areas were cleaned for agriculture. By A.D. 1000 early farmers started giving more attention to cattle farming and started to trek in search of grazing. This became more important than agriculture.

(d) Use the following maps, table and articles to answer the questions:

metal tools

stock farming

black languages

agriculture

SOURCE 1

SOURCE 2

IRON-AGE FARMERS ENTER

THE COUNTRY

by 150 A.D. farmers lived on the highlands of Zimbabwe

200 A.D. farmers lived along the coast of Mozambique

250 A.D. farmers lived at Mzonjani in Natal

600 A.D. farmers lived in the wide river valleys of Natal

650 A.D. farmers lived in the southern part of the Transkei

SOURCE 3

SOURCE 4

The black farmers were well organized. Each group usually included a number of families and relatives. They had to look after their own members, as well as the elderly and the sick. Part of the harvest always had to be stored for times of need like droughts. Normally the oldest man was regarded as the head of the family.

Refugees, supporters, other relatives and strangers were also invited to join the group. The men usually had to look after the cattle, while the women worked in the fields. In areas more suitable for agriculture the men also had to work in the fields, seeing that it was their greatest source of income. Women however, were allowed to tend to small livestock, like goats and poultry.

QUIZ!

Where were the building materials for the houses found?

Which materials were used for tools?

Why are there so many ash-heaps in this village?

How did these farmers forge iron?

Assessment

LO 1

HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 finds sources:

with guidance, selects sources useful for finding information on the past (e.g. oral, written and visual sources, including maps, graphs and tables, objects, buildings, monuments, museums);

1.2 works with sources:

records and categorises information from a variety of sources (e.g. oral, written and visual sources, including maps, graphs and tables, objects, buildings, monuments, museums);

1.3 answers the question:

  • continues to use information from sources to answer questions about people, events, objects, and places in the past.

Memorandum

ACTIVITY

a) 1) Diaz 4) Stone Age implements

2) Sharp-pointed pots 5) Hollowed out stone

  1. Rock engravings

b)

  • They were mostly agriculturists – kept cattle and tilled the soil. New foodstuffs were introduced. Wood was worked into domestic utensils (milk pails, dishes, pounding-blocks, spoons, pipes).c) Iron ore was melted down for weapons and agricultural implements (e.g. weed-hoes). Soft metal was used for ornaments (bangles).
  • Different languages: Nguni – (e.g. Zulu, Sotho, Swazi, Nedeble) and Xhosa (e.g. Sotho, Tswana, Venda) developed.
  • Pottery contributed to the fact that pots were made for cooking and storage purposes.
  • More and more settlements were built of stone . People began to live in larger groups and started to lead a more established way of life.

Quiz

First the iron-ore was melted at a high temperature in a blast furnace to separate the iron from the impurities of the rock. Large quantities of charcoal is used to keep the furnaces at the right temperature. After the melting process the iron, that now resembles a lumpy cake, is heated again. Then it is forged into utensils by beating and cutting it. Ash heaps are often found nearby.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
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Sherica
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Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
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Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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