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The line y = 3 5 x passes through the origin in the x , y -plane. What is the measure of the angle that the line makes with the positive x -axis?

The line y = 3 7 x passes through the origin in the x , y -plane. What is the measure of the angle that the line makes with the negative x -axis?

0.405 radians

What percentage grade should a road have if the angle of elevation of the road is 4 degrees? (The percentage grade is defined as the change in the altitude of the road over a 100-foot horizontal distance. For example a 5% grade means that the road rises 5 feet for every 100 feet of horizontal distance.)

A 20-foot ladder leans up against the side of a building so that the foot of the ladder is 10 feet from the base of the building. If specifications call for the ladder's angle of elevation to be between 35 and 45 degrees, does the placement of this ladder satisfy safety specifications?

No. The angle the ladder makes with the horizontal is 60 degrees.

Suppose a 15-foot ladder leans against the side of a house so that the angle of elevation of the ladder is 42 degrees. How far is the foot of the ladder from the side of the house?

Chapter review exercises

Graphs of the Sine and Cosine Functions

For the following exercises, graph the functions for two periods and determine the amplitude or stretching factor, period, midline equation, and asymptotes.

f ( x ) = 3 cos x + 3

amplitude: 3; period: 2 π ; midline: y = 3 ; no asymptotes

A graph of two periods of a function with a cosine parent function. The graph has a range of [0,6] graphed over -2pi to 2pi. Maximums as -pi and pi.

f ( x ) = 1 4 sin x

f ( x ) = 3 cos ( x + π 6 )

amplitude: 3; period: 2 π ; midline: y = 0 ; no asymptotes

A graph of four periods of a function with a cosine parent function. Graphed from -4pi to 4pi. Range is [-3,3].

f ( x ) = 2 sin ( x 2 π 3 )

f ( x ) = 3 sin ( x π 4 ) 4

amplitude: 3; period: 2 π ; midline: y = 4 ; no asymptotes

A graph of two periods of a sinusoidal function. Range is [-7,-1]. Maximums at -5pi/4 and 3pi/4.

f ( x ) = 2 ( cos ( x 4 π 3 ) + 1 )

f ( x ) = 6 sin ( 3 x π 6 ) 1

amplitude: 6; period: 2 π 3 ; midline: y = 1 ; no asymptotes

A sinusoidal graph over two periods. Range is [-7,5], amplitude is 6, and period is 2pi/3.

f ( x ) = 100 sin ( 50 x 20 )

Graphs of the Other Trigonometric Functions

For the following exercises, graph the functions for two periods and determine the amplitude or stretching factor, period, midline equation, and asymptotes.

f ( x ) = tan x 4

stretching factor: none; period:   π ;   midline:   y = 4 ;   asymptotes:   x = π 2 + π k , where   k   is an integer

A graph of a tangent function over two periods. Graphed from -pi to pi, with asymptotes at -pi/2 and pi/2.

f ( x ) = 2 tan ( x π 6 )

f ( x ) = 3 tan ( 4 x ) 2

stretching factor: 3; period:   π 4 ;   midline:   y = 2 ;   asymptotes: x = π 8 + π 4 k , where   k   is an integer

A graph of a tangent function over two periods. Asymptotes at -pi/8 and pi/8. Period of pi/4. Midline at y=-2.

f ( x ) = 0.2 cos ( 0.1 x ) + 0.3

For the following exercises, graph two full periods. Identify the period, the phase shift, the amplitude, and asymptotes.

f ( x ) = 1 3 sec x

amplitude: none; period: 2 π ; no phase shift; asymptotes:   x = π 2 k , where   k   is an odd integer

A graph of two periods of a secant function. Period of 2 pi, graphed from -2pi to 2pi. Asymptotes at -3pi/2, -pi/2, pi/2, and 3pi/2.

f ( x ) = 3 cot x

f ( x ) = 4 csc ( 5 x )

amplitude: none; period:   2 π 5 ;   no phase shift; asymptotes:   x = π 5 k , where   k   is an integer

A graph of a cosecant functionover two and a half periods. Graphed from -pi to pi, period of 2pi/5.

f ( x ) = 8 sec ( 1 4 x )

f ( x ) = 2 3 csc ( 1 2 x )

amplitude: none; period:   4 π ;   no phase shift; asymptotes:   x = 2 π k , where   k   is an integer

A graph of two periods of a cosecant function. Graphed from -4pi to 4pi. Asymptotes at multiples of 2pi. Period of 4pi.

f ( x ) = csc ( 2 x + π )

For the following exercises, use this scenario: The population of a city has risen and fallen over a 20-year interval. Its population may be modeled by the following function: y = 12 , 000 + 8 , 000 sin ( 0.628 x ), where the domain is the years since 1980 and the range is the population of the city.

What is the largest and smallest population the city may have?

largest: 20,000; smallest: 4,000

Graph the function on the domain of [ 0 , 40 ] .

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how to synthesize TiO2 nanoparticles by chemical methods
Zubear
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Contemporary math applications. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11559/1.6
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