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x + 2 4 x 1 3 = 2

x = −14

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For the following exercises, solve each rational equation for x . State all x -values that are excluded from the solution set.

2 3 x + 4 = x + 2 x + 4

x −4 ; x = −3

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3 x 2 = 1 x 1 + 7 ( x 1 ) ( x 2 )

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3 x x 1 + 2 = 3 x 1

x 1 ; when we solve this we get x = 1 , which is excluded, therefore NO solution

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5 x + 1 + 1 x 3 = 6 x 2 2 x 3

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1 x = 1 5 + 3 2 x

x 0 ; x = −5 2

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For the following exercises, find the equation of the line using the point-slope formula.

Write all the final equations using the slope-intercept form.

( 0 , 3 ) with a slope of 2 3

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( 1 , 2 ) with a slope of 4 5

y = 4 5 x + 14 5

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x -intercept is 1, and ( −2 , 6 )

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y -intercept is 2, and ( 4 , −1 )

y = 3 4 x + 2

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( −3 , 10 ) and ( 5 , −6 )

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( 1 , 3 )   and   ( 5 , 5 )

y = 1 2 x + 5 2

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parallel to y = 2 x + 5 and passes through the point ( 4 , 3 )

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perpendicular to 3 y = x 4 and passes through the point ( −2 , 1 ) .

y = −3 x 5

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For the following exercises, find the equation of the line using the given information.

( 2 , 0 ) and ( −2 , 5 )

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( 1 , 7 ) and ( 3 , 7 )

y = 7

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The slope is undefined and it passes through the point ( 2 , 3 ) .

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The slope equals zero and it passes through the point ( 1 , −4 ) .

y = −4

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The slope is 3 4 and it passes through the point (1,4) .

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( −1 , 3 ) and ( 4 , −5 )

8 x + 5 y = 7

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Graphical

For the following exercises, graph the pair of equations on the same axes, and state whether they are parallel, perpendicular, or neither.

y = 2 x + 7 y = 1 2 x 4

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3 x 2 y = 5 6 y 9 x = 6


Coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from negative 10 to 10.  The functions 3 times x minus 2 times y = 5 and 6 times y minus 9 times x = 6 are graphed on the same plot.  The lines do not cross.

Parallel

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y = 3 x + 1 4 y = 3 x + 2

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x = 4 y = −3


Coordinate plane with the x and y axes ranging from negative 10 to 10.  The function y = negative 3 and the line x = 4 are graphed on the same plot.  These lines cross at a 90 degree angle.

Perpendicular

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Numeric

For the following exercises, find the slope of the line that passes through the given points.

( 5 , 4 ) and ( 7 , 9 )

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( −3 , 2 ) and ( 4 , −7 )

m = 9 7

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( −5 , 4 ) and ( 2 , 4 )

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( −1 , −2 ) and ( 3 , 4 )

m = 3 2

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( 3 , −2 ) and ( 3 , −2 )

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For the following exercises, find the slope of the lines that pass through each pair of points and determine whether the lines are parallel or perpendicular.

( −1 , 3 )   and   ( 5 , 1 ) ( −2 , 3 )   and   ( 0 , 9 )

m 1 = 1 3 , m 2 = 3 ; Perpendicular .

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( 2 , 5 )   and   ( 5 , 9 ) ( −1 , −1 )   and   ( 2 , 3 )

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Technology

For the following exercises, express the equations in slope intercept form (rounding each number to the thousandths place). Enter this into a graphing calculator as Y1, then adjust the ymin and ymax values for your window to include where the y -intercept occurs. State your ymin and ymax values.

0.537 x 2.19 y = 100

y = 0.245 x 45.662. Answers may vary. y min = −50 ,   y max = −40

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4,500 x 200 y = 9,528

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200 30 y x = 70

y = 2.333 x + 6.667. Answers may vary. y min = −10 ,   y max = 10

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Extensions

Starting with the point-slope formula y y 1 = m ( x x 1 ) , solve this expression for x in terms of x 1 , y , y 1 , and m .

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Starting with the standard form of an equation A x  + B y  = C, solve this expression for y in terms of A , B , C , and x . Then put the expression in slope-intercept form.

y = A B x + C B

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Use the above derived formula to put the following standard equation in slope intercept form: 7 x 5 y = 25.

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Given that the following coordinates are the vertices of a rectangle, prove that this truly is a rectangle by showing the slopes of the sides that meet are perpendicular.

( −1 , 1 ) , ( 2 , 0 ) , ( 3 , 3 ) , and ( 0 , 4 )

The slope for  ( −1 , 1 )  to  ( 0 , 4 )  is  3. The slope for  ( −1 , 1 )  to  ( 2 , 0 )  is  1 3 . The slope for  ( 2 , 0 )  to  ( 3 , 3 )  is  3. The slope for  ( 0 , 4 )  to  ( 3 , 3 )  is  1 3 .

Yes they are perpendicular.

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Find the slopes of the diagonals in the previous exercise. Are they perpendicular?

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Real-world applications

The slope for a wheelchair ramp for a home has to be 1 12 . If the vertical distance from the ground to the door bottom is 2.5 ft, find the distance the ramp has to extend from the home in order to comply with the needed slope.

30 ft

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If the profit equation for a small business selling x number of item one and y number of item two is p = 3 x + 4 y , find the y value when p = $ 453  and   x = 75.

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For the following exercises, use this scenario: The cost of renting a car is $45/wk plus $0.25/mi traveled during that week. An equation to represent the cost would be y = 45 + .25 x , where x is the number of miles traveled.

What is your cost if you travel 50 mi?

$57.50

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If your cost were $ 63.75 , how many miles were you charged for traveling?

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Suppose you have a maximum of $100 to spend for the car rental. What would be the maximum number of miles you could travel?

220 mi

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Questions & Answers

An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
Moses Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Alexandra Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Shirleen Reply
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
Practice Key Terms 7

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Source:  OpenStax, College algebra. OpenStax CNX. Feb 06, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11759/1.3
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