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Social sciences

History

Grade 9

Current affairs

Module 15

Children and aids in africa

Activity 1:

Children in africa

[lo 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 2.2, 2.4, 3.2, 3.3]

The learner will be able to apply research skills, demonstrate knowledge and understanding of history by making use of correspondences and differences: CHILDREN IN AFRICA

  • Study the sources provided below and answer the questions that follow.

SOURCE A :

Comments on Aids

If action is not taken immediately, more people will have died on account of Aids by 2010 than in all the wars of the twentieth century

Translated from information published in: Rapport , 16 July 2000

SOURCE B:

Aids in Africa

According to a report published in London by the organisation, Christian Aid, approximately 12 million children in Africa have been orphaned on account of Aids.

Translated from: Die Burger , NuusOorsig, 19 May 2001

SOURCE C:

Aids orphans in Southern Africa

Conservative estimates have in the meantime indicated that there will be 600 000 so-called Aids orphans in Zimbabwe within six years. Homes for orphans have already reached maximum accommodation levels.

Translated from: Die Burger, 19 November 1993.

SOURCE D:

Extract from the South African Constitution

CHARTER OF HUMAN RIGHTS

HUMAN DIGNITY

Everyone has inherent dignity and the right to have their dignity respected and protected.

CHILDREN

May not be detained, except as a measure of last resort, in which case, in addition to the rights a child enjoys under sections 12 and 35, the child may be detained only for the shortest appropriate period of time, and [such a child] has the right to be –

Kept separately from detained persons over the age of 18 years; and

Treated in a manner, and kept in conditions that take account of the child's age;

[Have the right] to have a legal practitioner assigned to the child by the state and at state expense…;

[Have the right] not to be used directly in armed conflict; and to be protected in times of armed conflict;

[Have the right]

- to family care or parental care, or

- to appropriate alternative care when removed from the family environment;

- to be allowed contact with parents,

- a chosen religious counsellor and

- a chosen medical practitioner.

SOURCE E:

Children used as soldiers in Sierra Leone

During the past decade the warring parties in Sierra Leone have all made use of children as young as 12 years of age and older to wage war. Thousands of children have also been kidnapped by the Revolutionary United Front and kept in the bush to be used as soldiers and enslaved workers. Some children have lived in the bush for up to six years and have also taken part in horrifying war crimes like the amputation of the limbs of prisoners, etc.

A Rafaello Ciriello: Post Cards from Hell (www.ciriello.com)

SOURCE F:

CHILDREN IN SIERRA LEONE: Young, Armed and Dangerous

Freetown - Since the Military Junta took over the reigns of office in May, hundreds of child soldiers have fled from the camps where they were held. These children are back on the streets, armed with AK 47 rifles and grenade launchers. It is a common sight again to see children patrolling the streets in cities like Freetown. This evokes the fear that the children could again be drawn into the conflict.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11063/1.1
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