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English first additional language

Grade 8

Entrepreneurship: wheels can give you wings!

Module 8

More about words

Activity 1:

Something about words

[lo 3.8.1, 6.9]

Using A Dictionary

A dictionary lists words in alphabetical order so that it is easy to find a word. It explains the meaning and origin of a word and shows all the different meanings that a word might have. Some dictionaries give the equivalent of a word in another language.

What are guidewords ?

  • These words appear at the top of the page.
  • The word in the top left-hand corner of the left-hand page, and the word in the top right-hand corner of the right-hand page show the first and last words on the doublespread.

Look at the following abbreviations :

  • adj. adjective n. noun pl. plural
  • adv. adverb v. verb sl. slang

Study the column on the left. This is what a page from a dictionary looks like. Use this to find the answers to the questions on the right.

bang n.,&v. – n. 1 a loud noise 2 an explosion 3 the report of a gun 4 a fringe of hair cut straight across the forehead. – v. 1 to shut noisily 2 to cause a sound like an explosion. banger n. 1 Brit. sl. a sausage bangle n. ornamental band worn round the arm or ankle. banish v. to expel a person esp. from a country. banjo n. (pl. – os or –oes) a stringed musical instrument bank 1 n. 1 the edge of land by a river 2 a mass of clouds bank 2 n.,&v. –n a financial business where money is deposited or withdrawn. -v. to rely on. 1 . What is the British slang word for a sausage? 2 . How many meanings does this list give for the noun “bang”? 3 . What word can be used for “the side of a river” as well as a place where “money is deposited and withdrawn”? 4 . What would you do with a bangle? 5 . If you needed to make music, what would you buy?

Activity 1:

More about words

[lo 3.8.2, 6.9]


dough confectionery splendid route
mental disillusioned physical sculptor
scenery immediately continent pedalled
ruffian indigenous gruelling remnants
bankrupt excitement adversaries remnants

Arrange the twenty words in the word-box above in alphabetical order. The educator will time you!

From the word-box on the previous page choose the correct word to complete each of the following sentences. The first letter of each missing word has been given. (Note that the word in italics explains the meaning.)

1. Your enemies are you’re a_______________

2. Your m______________ powers are the powers of your mind.

3. The protea is an i.____________ flowering shrub which grows naturally in South Africa.

4. People who feel d___________must try not to continue to feel disappointed ; they must handle their disappointment in a positive way.

5. A baker prepares d______________ by making a mixture of flour and water .

6. It is important to keep your body in good shape by getting enough p.________ exercise.

7. You will need a road map to plan your r_________ from Johannesburg to CapeTown.

8. The school bully was a r____________ who was the leader of a bunch of hooligans .

9. As we cycled through the countryside , we admired the s___________________

10. It was a g________________ track. Only those who were tough could complete the race.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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