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English home language

Grade 4

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Module 32

The past tense


Activity 1

To learn to use the past tense correctly [lo 6.2.6]


Verbs change their form to show time (tense) when an action is done.

There are three Tenses:

1. PRESENT TENSE (The action is being done now.)

I write

I am writing

2. PAST TENSE (The action has been done.)

I wrote

I was writing

3. FUTURE TENSE (The action will take place in the future)

I shall write

He will write

Write out the sentences below in the past tense:

  1. Billy Wonks jumps up and down.
  1. Charles finds the fifth golden ticket.
  1. The Oupa-Looms sing a merry song.
  1. The rhododendron’s blossoms are pink, nave and red.
  1. Miss Gobblegum chews bubble-gum all the time.
  1. Violet screams with fright.
  1. The delicious chocolates satisfy the children.
  1. Grandpa smokes a pipe.
  1. They never fight or kick or punch.
  1. They leave you free to cook the lunch.

Activity 2

To learn about punctuation [lo 4.4.3]

Now . . . write out these sentences putting in all the capital letters and full stops.

  1. 1. the grand duke of york, charles, marched his men up the mountain
  • table mountain was so high, the men battled to climb it!
  • the bells of st clement’s said oranges and lemons
  • humpty dumpty fell off grant’s wall into the rosebush
  • jill tumbled after jack in an effort to save him

Oops! Needs more A few errors Well Excellent:Concentrate more! practice understood no errors

Rewrite these sentences filling in commas, full stops and question marks:

  1. 1. When I sell the chicks I’ll buy a new dress
  • The jug was too heavy so she asked her friend to lift it up
  • May I have a drink of water please
  • The large black raven was extremely thirsty
  • The raven filled the jug with stones pebbles and water
  • After Jack Horner had eaten his Christmas pie he had forty winks


LEARNING OUTCOME 4: WRITING The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

4.4 applies knowledge of language at various levels:

4.4.3 paragraph level:

uses topic and supporting sentences to develop a coherent paragraph,

uses appropriate grammar, spelling and punctuation.

LEARNING OUTCOME 6: LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language and interpret texts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

6.2 works with sentences:

  • uses complex tenses correctly (e.g. past progressive – ‘She was watching TV when …’).


Activity 1 - past tense

1. Billy Wonks jumped up and down.

2. Charles found the fifth golden ticket.

3. The Oupa-Looms sang a merry song.

4. The rhododendron’s blossoms were pink, mauve and red.

5. Miss Gobblegum chewed bubble-gum all the time.

6. Violet screamed with fright.

7. The delicious chocolates satisfied the children.

8. Grandpa smoked a pipe.

9. They never fought or kicked or punched .

10. They left you free to cook lunch.

Activity 2 (a) Punctuation

1. T he G rand D uke of Y ork, C harles, marched his men up the mountain.

2. T able M ountain was so high, the man battled to climb it!

3. T he bells of S t Clenents said, “ O ranges and lemons”.

4. H umpty D umpty fell off G rant’s wall into the rosebush.

5. J ill tumbled after J ack in an effort to save him.

Activity 2 (b) Commas

1. chicks, l’ll

2. heavy, so

3. water, please?

4. Large, black, thirsty.

5. stones, pebbles

6. pie, he

Questions & Answers

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Damian Reply
absolutely yes
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Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
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Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
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Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
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s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Sanket Reply
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Damian Reply
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abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
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I'm interested in nanotube
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Ramkumar Reply
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Sravani Reply
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Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11092/1.1
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