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English first additional language

Grade 4

Heroes and heroines

Module 42

Great heroes – ordinary people

Activity 1

To express own opinion and give reasons for it [lo 5.2.7]

Form groups of about five learners each and do the following:

1. Discuss what the “traditional” hero looks like, and how most people see him.

2. Collect pictures of these typical heroes and make a poster depicting the typical hero (e.g. a knight on a horse, etc).

3. Talk about “ordinary” heroes or heroines – people who don’t necessarily look strong, brave or beautiful, but who have inner strength. What makes them heroic? How do you feel about them?

4. Choose one “ordinary” person you know personally, or of whom you have heard or read, who is a hero/heroine in your eyes. Tell the rest of the class about him/her and explain why you respect and admire that person.

“Ordinary” people can be heroes, as you have just discovered. As they say, true greatness lies within. One such person is Natalie du Toit, a former Cape Town schoolgirl. Although she is an “everyday” person, she is truly extraordinary.

Natalie loved swimming. It had always been her dream to participate in the Olympic Games, and she stood a chance in 2000, but she narrowly missed being selected. Then fate seemed to strike a cruel blow. Early in 2001, just as she was leaving the Newlands swimming bath one morning round about seven o’ clock, a motorist smashed into her scooter. She was badly injured, and had to have her leg amputated. After her traumatic accident, her dreams of becoming a famous swimmer seemed to have been shattered. But she didn’t give up. She was determined to carry on with her life and to fulfil her dreams. She says that she “grew up” after the accident, and only then realised what life was really all about. Today she believes in making the best of every day, because one doesn’t know what tomorrow holds.

In August 2002 Natalie broke two world records at the Commonwealth Games in Manchester, England and won two gold medals: one in the 50m and another in the 100m freestyle race for disabled swimmers. This was the first time she had ever competed as a disabled athlete. She made sport history when she became the first disabled swimmer to compete against non-disabled athletes in the 800m freestyle finals in an open Commonwealth Games race.

Her positive attitude and determination won the hearts of the British people and her story was frequently front-page news in the newspapers. She was called the “real heroine” of the Games. This is what one of the papers had to say: “She is a heroine, stripped of all self-pity. The mere fact that she is swimming again, is a miracle.”

Natalie was one of eight young people from 54 Commonwealth countries to be included in an official publication to celebrate Queen Elizabeth II’s Golden Jubilee year. According to Buckingham Palace she inspires other people by proving that one can overcome stumbling blocks in one’s life.

Don’t you think that she is a real heroine?

Activity 2

To understand and use adverbs of frequency [lo 6.2.6]

Look at the following sentences and pay special attention to the words in bold print:

  • Her story was frequently front-page news in the newspapers.
  • Natalie hardly ever thinks of herself as being disabled.
  • She often competes against non-disabled swimmers.

These words in bold are called adverbs of frequency. They are adverbs, because they modify (“tell more about”) the verbs, for example:

She competes . (competes = verb)When (how frequently) does she compete? = often

They are special adverbs called adverbs of frequency, because they tell us how frequently it happens.

See if you can make two sentences containing each of these words or word groups. Use the sentences above as examples.

1. frequently:

(a) ………………………………………………………………………………………

(b) ………………………………………………………………………………………

2. hardly ever:

(a) ………………………………………………………………………………………

(b) ………………………………………………………………………………………

3 often:

(a) ………………………………………………………………………………………

(b) ………………………………………………………………………………………

Activity 3

To develop vocabulary [lo 6.6.4]

You know that a noun is a word that names things. Look at the following nouns:

  • motorist (someone who drives a motor-car)
  • swimmer (someone who swims)
  • athlete (someone who does athletics)
  • hero (someone who is heroic)

These nouns are words for people who do certain things.They are called agent nouns.

See whether you know the agent nouns for:

  1. A person who gardens
  1. A person who acts
  1. A person who plays the piano
  1. A person who is involved in politics
  1. A person who investigates cases for the police (he/she detects who committed the crime)
or

Can you see how the words are formed? Say / write something about it.

AND FINALLY, IF YOU STILL WANT TO DO SOMETHING……

Find out more about Nkosi Johnson, a most heroic little boy, and share his history in class…

Assessment

Learning outcome 3: reading and viewing

The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.5 reads for pleasure and information:

3.5.1 reads fiction and non-fiction books at an appropriate reading and language level.

Learning outcome 5: thinking and reasoning

The learner will able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

5.2 uses language for thinking:

5.2.7 expresses an opinion and gives a reason for it.

Learning outcome 6: language structure and use

The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language and interpret texts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

6.1 understands and uses some question forms, such as ‘Why didn’t ...?’, ‘Have you ever ...?’, ‘Do you think ...?’

6.2 uses the tenses introduced in the Foundation Phase to communicate orally and in writing, e.g.:

6.2.6 adverbs of frequency (e.g. She hardly ever visits me.);

6.6 develops own vocabulary:

6.6.4 understands between 2 000 and 3 500 common spoken words in context by the end of grade 4. Learners who will study some of the other learning areas through their additional language should aim at 3 500 words.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11093/1.1
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